地理科学进展 ›› 2004, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (2): 43-50.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2004.02.006

• 土地资源与利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

沿海发达地区土地利用转换的人文驱动机制研究——以温州市为例

王玉华1,2, 刘彦随1, 周应华1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 中国农业大学水利与土木工程学院,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2003-11-01 修回日期:2004-02-01 出版日期:2004-03-25 发布日期:2004-03-25
  • 作者简介:王玉华(1973- ),女,新疆昌吉人,在站博士后,讲师,主要研究方向为区域发展与土地利用。 E-mail: wangyh@tom.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(40171007);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程领域前沿项目(CXIOG-B02-05)。

Analysis of Human Driving Forces Underlying Land Use Conversion in Coastal Developed Regions: ——A Case Study of Wenzhou City

WANG Yuhua1,2, LIU Yansui1, ZHOU Yinghua1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Research, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101;
    2. College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083
  • Received:2003-11-01 Revised:2004-02-01 Online:2004-03-25 Published:2004-03-25

摘要:

随着区域土地利用研究的日益深入,区域土地利用的转化及其驱动机制成为学术研究的新热点。国内外区域土地利用转化的研究表明,人文因素是区域土地利用转化主导驱动力的观点已得到共识,但其驱动机制及其驱动力的传导机制仍需进一步探讨。本文通过文献资料搜索和实地调研,揭示了90年代以来温州市土地利用转化的基本特征。指出土地利用转化的关键性人文因素主要是政策驱动力、经济驱动力与城镇化发展驱动力,这三种驱动力共同存在,相互作用,但同时也具有各自的主导传导机制。为此国家在实施区域土地利用宏观调控时,应当因地制宜,更加关注主导人文驱动力在具体区域环境下的重要程度及其结合过程。

关键词: 人文驱动力, 土地利用转换, 温州市

Abstract:

The transformation of land use change and its driving mechanism have been a hot topic in the existing studies of land science. It has been commonly recognized that human factor is the major driving force underlying the regional land use change. Based on the data collected through documentary research and field observation, this paper shows that since 1990s, land use change in Wenzhou City has displayed such important features as decline of cultivated land area, water area increase, and fluctuation of unutilized land. The main driving forces in Wenzhou City are found to be regulation of governmental policy, urbanization process and economic stimulus. They coexist and intertwine with each other but have distinctive channels of impact. Through this case study, the authors suggest that in regulating regional transformation of land use, attention should be paid more to the specificity in the concrete regional context in which human driving forces are articulated together to effect land use change.

Key words: human driving forces, land use conversion, Wenzhou City