地理科学进展 ›› 2006, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (3): 106-115.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2006.03.013

• 土地利用变化与土壤地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

土地利用冲突分析:概念与方法

于伯华1,2, 吕昌河1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101|
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京100039
  • 收稿日期:2005-12-01 修回日期:2006-03-01 出版日期:2006-05-25 发布日期:2006-05-25
  • 作者简介:于伯华(1974- ), 男, 汉族, 山东枣庄人, 在读博士生.研究方向: 环境整治、土地利用. E- mail: yubh@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    科技部十五攻关项目( 2001BA606A- 01) 的阶段性成果.

The Progr ess and Prospect of Land Use Conflicts

YU Bohua1,2, LV Changhe1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China|
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100039, China
  • Received:2005-12-01 Revised:2006-03-01 Online:2006-05-25 Published:2006-05-25

摘要:

随着人口的快速增长和城市化的发展, 土地利用冲突的形势会变得越来越严峻, 并成为可 持续土地利用的主要障碍。有限的土地资源与不断增长的多样化需求是冲突的自然和社会根 源, 并表现为土地利用在经济利益、生态与环境效益、社会效益之间的矛盾; 农牧交错带、水陆 过渡带和城乡过渡带则是土地利用冲突发生的热点区域。文章还介绍了参与式调查、多目标规划 等方法及其在土地利用冲突中的可能应用。未来土地利用冲突研究的重点应该放在追踪土地利 用冲突的动态变化上面, 并利用科学的方法来缓解冲突的发生, 实现土地利用的综合协调管理。

关键词: 利益冲突, 利益相关者, 热点区域, 土地利用冲突, 土地利用综合管理

Abstract:

Varied demands of society for the limited land are leading to an overlay of interests and thus to land use conflicts. Moreover, the conflicts are exacerbated by the rapid increase of population and urban expansion on both regional and global scale, which is an obstacle for sustainable land use. It is becoming increasingly challenging for local and national government over land management. Thereby, the study of land use conflicts plays an important role in the realization of sustainable land use. This article examines the causes of land use conflicts from both physical and social - economic dimensions, and regards that scarces of land resource and increasing conflicting demands for land should be responsible for land use conflicts. Conflicts among economical, environmental and social objectives are this articles main contents. Farmingpastoral region, water - land ecotone and urban - rural fringe are the three hotspots of multiple conflicts. The article also describes familiar methods used in the study of resource use conflicts, with a hope to help the study of land use conflicts. There is still a long way to define and understand the concept of land use conflict and its connotation, to pursue its driving forces and countermeasures. In the future the emphases of land use conflicts study should focus on tracing and monitoring the dynamics of land use conflicts in order to create a better basis for understanding the conflicts and also on the contrast of internal and external conflicts from the context of occurrence and evolution. The models or tools should also be developed at the same time in order to reduce land use conflicts in terms of a regional management of environment and natural resources.

Key words: conflicting interests, hotspots, land use conflicts, land use management, stakeholders

中图分类号: 

  • F301.24