地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (8): 947-955.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.08.001

• 城市研究 •    下一篇

城市更新之研究

严若谷1, 周素红1,2, 闫小培1   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275;
    2. 广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2010-10-01 修回日期:2011-02-01 出版日期:2011-08-25 发布日期:2011-09-23
  • 通讯作者: 周素红,女,副教授,主要研究方向为城市地理与城市规划。E-mail: eeszsh@mail.sysu.edu.cn E-mail:eeszsh@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:严若谷,女,博士生,主要研究方向为城市转型与城市更新、旧工业区改造。E-mail: yanruogu@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40871081,40971098);中央高校基本科研业务费专项。

Studies of Urban Regeneration

YAN Ruogu1, ZHOU Suhong1,2, YAN Xiaopei1   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    2. Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2010-10-01 Revised:2011-02-01 Online:2011-08-25 Published:2011-09-23

摘要: 城市更新是城市发展到一定阶段所必然经历的再开发过程,不同的时代背景和地域环境中的城市更新具有不同的动因机制、开发模式、权力关系,进而产生不同的经济、环境、社会效应。追溯近年来英文文献中大量出现的有关“urban regeneration”的研究及中国近30 年来城市更新相关文献,总结地理学视角对城市更新的研究范围、研究领域及研究特点,论述与城市更新相关的理论,阐述城市更新的形成机制,分析各地区在不同阶段采用的更新政策,更新模式,更新手段和方法,以及更新参与主体和更新后的效果,对比分析国内外城市更新研究内容及特点。从城市更新同城市建设、经济发展的内在联系机制, 城市更新中微观个体的行为研究, 可持续发展观下的综合城市更新研究等3个方面,总结对未来中国城市更新发展的可借鉴性启示。

关键词: 城市更新, 更新策略, 文化主导

Abstract: “Urban regeneration”is a re-development process which is an inevitable experience at certain urbanization stage, and urban regeneration under different backgrounds and geographical environments has different motivation mechanism, development mode and power relations, and has different economic, environmental and social effects. Based on the English literature in recent years about "urban regeneration" and the literature about urban renewal in China in the past 30 years, this paper summed up the studies on urban regeneration from the perspectives of geography, including the research scope, the study characteristics and the theories related to urban regeneration, to explain the formation mechanism of urban regeneration, the regeneration policy, the regeneration mode, the regeneration tools and the methodologies, as well as the developers in the regeneration project and the regeneration effects in different regions at different developing stages. Urban renewal movement originated the massive urban renewal activities in the West after World War II. Because this kind of physical renewal destructed the previous social fabric and the integrity of the internal space, it was widely questioned. The term “urban regeneration”originally referred to an urban renaissance strategy which responded to the decline of old industrial cities after the transfer of the global industrial chain in the West, especially in Britain. Then it gradually evolved to a city's comprehensive urban redevelopment activities, including other improvement areas within the city, to stimulate economic growth, to enhance urban vitality and to improve the competitiveness. With the “globalization”and“localization”, the researchers in the world began to show concern on various types of urban renewal movement and re-urbanization strategy. This paper summed up three future research directions of urban regeneration, including the internal mechanism between urban regeneration, city construction and economic development, the micro-study of the individual behavior in urban regeneration and integrated urban redevelopment under the concept of sustainable development, and gave some suggestions to studies on future urban redevelopment in China.

Key words: culture-led urban regeneration, regeneration policy, urban regeneration