地理科学进展 ›› 1997, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (1): 22-30.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.1997.01.005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国耕地变化趋势与对策再探讨

贾绍凤1, 张豪禧2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理研究所,北京100101;
    2. 中国人民大学人口所,北京100872
  • 收稿日期:1996-10-01 出版日期:1997-01-24 发布日期:1997-01-24
  • 作者简介:贾绍凤,男,1964年生,1987年毕业于清华大学水利水电工程系,现为中国科学院地理研究所副研究员,主要从事环境地学、区域可持续发展等研究工作,发表论文20余篇。

FORECAST AND COUNTERMEASURES OF THE CHANGE OF THE CULTIVATED AREA OF CHINA

Jia Shaofeng1, Zhang Haoxi2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101;
    2. Institute of Demography, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872
  • Received:1996-10-01 Online:1997-01-24 Published:1997-01-24

摘要: 本文分析了我国耕地预测研究的现状和存在的问题,利用统计资料对我国耕地减少的原因进行系统分析,对我国耕地变化趋势进行了新的预测,重点说明人口城镇化和劳动力非农化不但不是耕地减少的主要原因,而且是节约土地资源的有效对策。

关键词: 耕地预测, 中国

Abstract: How about the future trends of cultivated area change in China? Figures provided by some materials differ from each other dramatically. In this paper, We discuss the relationship of the decrease of cultivated area with many variables such as total population, urban population, rural population, gross domestic products, primary industry growth, secondary industry growth and tertiary industry growth, et.. It is proved that the decrease of cultivated area is intensively related to population growth and economic development and that the urbanizition not only dosen’t aggravate the decrease of cultivated area but also do economize on cultivated area. Our forecast is that the cultivated area of China will decrease to 10.741 ̄10.831 million hectares by 2035 when the population peak is reached, which compared to 12. 8 million hedtares in 1985 decrease by 7.8%, and return to 10939 ̄10969 million hectares in 2050 because of the decrease of total population and growth of urbanizition level.

Key words: China, Forecasting of cultivated area

中图分类号: 

  • F301.21