地理科学进展 ›› 2003, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (3): 219-228.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2003.03.001

• 论文 •    下一篇

空间数据分析技术在公共卫生领域的应用

武继磊1, 王劲峰1, 郑晓瑛2, 宋新明2, 孟斌1, 张科利3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    2. 北京大学人口研究所,北京100871;
    3. 北京师范大学资源与环境科学系,北京100875
  • 收稿日期:2003-02-01 修回日期:2003-03-01 出版日期:2003-05-24 发布日期:2011-04-14
  • 作者简介:武继磊(1976-),男,山东菏泽人,博士生,研究方向为lattice统计与分析,GIS与空间建模等。
  • 基金资助:

    本研究是在国家973项目(2001CB5103);863课题以及中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程和国家自然科学基金支持下进行的.

A Review on Application of Spatial Data Analysis Technology in Public Health

WU Jilei1, WANG Jinfeng1, ZHENG Xiaoying2, SONG Xinming2, MENG Bin1, ZHANG Keli3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geography Science and Nature Resource Research, CAS, Beijing 100101,China;
    2. Institute of Population Research, Peking University, Beijing 100871,China;                                                                                                                                                  3. Department of Resource and Environment Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875,China
  • Received:2003-02-01 Revised:2003-03-01 Online:2003-05-24 Published:2011-04-14

摘要: 空间数据分析技术是分析具有空间属性的事物之间相互关系,对空间信息进行认知、解释、预测及调控等,而公共卫生研究领域集中在疾病时空规律的认识、成因分析以及干预和防御等领域。本文从公共卫生研究的方向出发,论述了空间数据分析技术在公共卫生领域的应用,以及现阶段空间数据分析软件的发展状况,并对空间数据分析技术在公共卫生领域的应用前景作了展望。

关键词: 公共卫生, 空间数据分析

Abstract: Spatial data analysis (SDA) technology mostly is concerned with data, which are not independent spatially and temporally, and the spatial correlation and spatia l association among the studied objects are of interest Spatial correlation mo stly refers to the relation among the objects themselves while the spatial assoc iation considers the neighborhood effects between the objects After the cor relation and association among objects with spatial attribution are analyzed wit h SDA technology, spatial pattern will be perceived and explained Then we can predict and coordinate the spatial processes further In public health study area, most data acquired have spatial and temporal attrib utions, so advanced technology are needed to analysis the pattern of diseases di stribution, this is a preliminary and important step to identify the risk factor s in environment to the diseases With the understanding of the patterns and risk factors, the prevention and intervening counter measures to the disease would b e easily acquired In this paper, the author gave a review on application of SD A technology in public health, including the pattern identification, hotspots de tection, environmental risk factors identification, and public health resourc e distribution as wellMoreover, the developments of the software which are use ful to public health spatial analysis were discussed also Though the progress of SDA technology applied into public health meets some encu mbrance, there are more advantages to public health with spatial analysis And with the fast developments of information technology and geographical informatio n system software’s maturation in applications in many fields, spatial data will be enriched and give potential requirement of SDA technology including public h ealth study.

Key words: public health, spatial data analysis

中图分类号: 

  • R181.3