地理科学进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (11): 2165-2177.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.11.014

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

农户保护性耕作技术采纳行为及其影响因素研究综述

郭芬1,2(), 金建君1,2,*(), 张晨阳1,2, 何睿1,2, 邱欣1,2   

  1. 1.北京师范大学地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室,北京 100875
    2.北京师范大学地理科学学部自然资源学院,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2022-03-27 修回日期:2022-06-07 出版日期:2022-11-28 发布日期:2023-01-28
  • 通讯作者: *金建君(1978— ),女,浙江温岭人,博士,教授,博导,研究方向为农户生产行为和资源经济学。E-mail: jjjin@bnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:郭芬(1999— ),女,陕西西安人,硕士生,研究方向为土地资源与区域发展。E-mail: guofen39@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究项目(2019QZKK0608)

A review of farmers’ conservation tillage technology adoption behavior and influencing factors

GUO Fen1,2(), JIN Jianjun1,2,*(), ZHANG Chenyang1,2, HE Rui1,2, QIU Xin1,2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. College of Natural Resources, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2022-03-27 Revised:2022-06-07 Online:2022-11-28 Published:2023-01-28
  • Supported by:
    Second Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition Program(2019QZKK0608)

摘要:

保护性耕作对于防止水土流失、改善土壤质量、保障国家粮食安全等具有重要意义。农户作为保护性耕作技术采纳的直接决策者,研究其采纳行为及其影响因素有助于促进保护性耕作技术的推广应用。基于此,论文系统梳理了国内外农户保护性耕作技术采纳行为及其影响因素的相关研究,以期为更有效的技术推广提供参考。结果发现:不同类型农户的保护性耕作技术采纳行为存在较大差异;农户保护性耕作技术采纳的研究区域较为集中;影响农户保护性耕作技术采纳行为的因素主要包括基本因素(个体特征和家庭特征)和差别因素(社会网络、风险偏好与风险感知、政府政策、心理认知及区位特征)2类。基于上述分析,论文提出了未来重点的研究方向:技术推广要考虑农户群体内的异质性;应注重各种研究理论间的融合;未来可进一步加强多学科交叉的系统研究。

关键词: 农户, 保护性耕作技术, 采纳行为, 异质性, 综合性

Abstract:

Conservation tillage plays an important role in preventing soil erosion, improving soil quality, and ensuring food security. As farmers are the direct decision makers of conservation tillage technology adoption, studying their adoption behavior and influencing factors can help promote the application of conservation tillage technology. In order to provide a reference for a more effective promotion of conservation tillage technology, this article summarized the research on farmers' conservation tillage technology adoption behavior and influencing factors in China and internationally through a systematic analysis. The results show that different types of farmers have great differences in their adoption behavior of conservation tillage technology. The research area of farmers' adoption of conservation tillage technology is relatively concentrated. The factors that influence farmers' technology adoption behavior mainly include basic factors and differential factors. Based on these analyses, further research directions and outlooks are proposed. They include taking into account the heterogeneity within the farmer group, focusing on the integration of research theories, and strengthening interdisciplinary comprehensive and systematic research.

Key words: farmers, conservation tillage technology, adoption behavior, heterogeneity, comprehensiveness