地理科学进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 718-730.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.04.015

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

地理环境与时空行为对主观幸福感的影响研究进展

马静(), 刘冠秋, 饶婧雯   

  1. 北京师范大学地理科学学部环境遥感与数字城市北京市重点实验室,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2021-06-23 修回日期:2021-08-25 出版日期:2022-04-28 发布日期:2022-06-28
  • 作者简介:马静(1986— ),女,河南郑州人,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为城市地理与行为地理。E-mail: jing.ma@bnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42071205)

Progress of research on the impact of geographical context and spatiotemporal behavior on subjective well-being

MA Jing(), LIU Guanqiu, RAO Jingwen   

  1. Beijing Key Laboratory for Remote Sensing of Environment and Digital Cities, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2021-06-23 Revised:2021-08-25 Online:2022-04-28 Published:2022-06-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071205)

摘要:

主观幸福感是目前国内外研究热点,与提升居民生活质量和建设宜居城市密切相关。已有大部分文献侧重单一空间尺度的研究,分析社会经济属性和地理环境要素(包括建成环境、社会环境、环境污染)对主观幸福感的影响;也有部分研究关注居民日常出行属性和活动特征对主观幸福感的作用机制,探讨长期幸福感与短期幸福感的内在关系。论文对上述研究进行较为系统的梳理与评价,综合考虑地理环境、时空行为与主观幸福感的复杂关系,构建主观幸福感的理论研究框架,总结时空行为视角下多尺度、多维度地理环境要素对主观幸福感的影响机制以及作用路径,并探讨主观幸福感的时空动态规律以及微观行为机制,为改善城市人居环境、优化居民行为模式提供科学依据和政策建议。

关键词: 主观幸福感, 时空行为, 地理环境, 环境污染

Abstract:

Subjective well-being is a focus of research worldwide, which is closely related to the improvement of residents' quality of life and the construction of livable cities. Numerous studies on subjective well-being have been conducted, mainly discussing the impact of social and economic attributes, geographical background (including the built environment, social environment, and environmental pollution), and residents' travel and activity characteristics on subjective well-being at the city or regional scale. Some research has also explored the interaction between long-term happiness and short-term happiness based on the perspective of spatiotemporal behavior. This article provides a comprehensive review on geographical context and subjective well-being studies from the time-space perspectives, and presents a diversified research framework to investigate the complexity between micro-environment, spatiotemporal behavior, and subjective well-being. It presents a theoretical framework of multi-scale spatiotemporal analysis of subjective well-being, and summarizes the mechanism of multi-scale and multi-dimensional geographical environment factors on subjective well-being. Moreover, we propose that future research needs to link individual spatiotemporal behavior, environmental pollution, and well-being, and investigate the spatiotemporal dynamics of residents' subjective well-being under different social and spatial backgrounds, in order to provide a scientific basis and policy recommendations for improving urban residential environment and optimizing residents' behavioral patterns.

Key words: subjective well-being, spatiotemporal behavior, geographical context, environmental pollution