地理科学进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 682-692.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.04.012

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

华北平原玉米播种期和品种变化对冠层温度的影响及地表生物物理机理

刘凤山1,2,3(), 葛全胜3,4, 陶福禄3,4, 蔡杨星2, 卜建超2, 白妮妮1   

  1. 1.福建农林大学林学院,福州 350002
    2.福建农林大学生命科学学院,国家菌草工程技术研究中心,福州 350002
    3.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    4.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2021-02-23 修回日期:2021-12-09 出版日期:2022-04-28 发布日期:2022-06-28
  • 作者简介:刘凤山(1986— ),男,山东潍坊,博士,助理研究员,主要研究领域为生态治理和农业气象学。E-mail: liufs.11b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41801020)

Impacts of maize planting date and variety on canopy temperature on the North China Plain and surface biophysical mechanism

LIU Fengshan1,2,3(), GE Quansheng3,4, TAO Fulu3,4, CAI Yangxing2, BU Jianchao2, BAI Nini1   

  1. 1. Forestry College, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
    2. China National Engineering Research Center of JUNCAO Technology, Life College, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    4. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2021-02-23 Revised:2021-12-09 Online:2022-04-28 Published:2022-06-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41801020)

摘要:

通过改变陆—气界面的地表水热交换,农田管理变化是气候变化的重要反馈过程之一。华北平原玉米的播种期和有效积温发生了规律性变化,改变了叶面积指数(LAI)、地表反照率(α)、净辐射(Rn)、潜热(LH)和冠层温度(Tc)等,成为区域气候变化的重要反馈过程。论文利用SiBcrop模型模拟3种玉米情景(春玉米、夏玉米、潜在玉米)下的LAI、αRn、LH和Tc的季节动态。结果表明,春玉米具有早播种、早收获、早LAI峰值的特征;夏玉米具有晚播种、晚收获、晚LAI峰值的特征;潜在玉米具有早播种、晚收获、高LAI的特征。模拟情景之间LAI差异为±2.5 m2·m-2;Tc差异为±0.5 ℃。地表反照率(α)和地表能量分配是决定情景之间Tc差异的决定因素,播种期推迟,以α升高的降温效应为主;有效积温增加,以LH分配增多的降温效应为主。春玉米具有最高的冠层温度,夏玉米和潜在玉米的冠层温度较低且差异很小。研究结果对于促进农田土地管理变化适应和缓解区域气候变化具有一定意义。

关键词: 玉米, 农业物候, SiBcrop, 地表能量平衡, 华北平原

Abstract:

By changing the surface energy and water exchange at the land-atmosphere interface, farmland management change becomes an important feedback process of climate change. The planting date and growing degree day of maize on the North China Plain have changed, which is a potential feedback process for regional climate by influencing leaf area index (LAI), surface albedo (α), net radiation (Rn), latent heat (LH), and canopy temperature (Tc). The SiBcrop model was used to simulate the seasonal dynamics of LAI, α, Rn, LH and Tc under three maize planting scenarios (spring maize, summer maize, and potential maize). The results show that spring maize had the characteristics of early planting, early harvest, and early LAI peak; summer maize was characterized by late planting, late harvest, and late LAI peak; potential maize was characterized by early planting, late harvest, and high LAI. The differences between the simulated scenarios were ±2.5 m2·m-2 for LAI and ±0.5 ℃ for Tc. The main determinants of Tc difference between the three scenarios were α and surface energy partitioning. The cooling effect of delayed planting was dominated by the increased α; and the cooling effect of prolonged growing degree day was mainly due to the increased LH partitioning. Spring maize had the highest Tc, while summer maize and potential maize had lower Tc with little difference. The results of this study have certain significance for farmland management change for the adaptation to regional climate change and mitigation.

Key words: maize, agricultural phenology, SiBcrop, surface energy balance, North China Plain