地理科学进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 609-620.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.04.006

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

学区对住宅价格的影响及其社会空间重构研究——以武汉市武昌区为例

高喆1,2(), 邱嘉怡2, 余家怡2, 朱媛媛1,2,*()   

  1. 1.华中师范大学地理过程分析与模拟湖北省重点实验室,武汉 430079
    2.华中师范大学城市与环境科学学院,武汉 430079
  • 收稿日期:2021-08-05 修回日期:2021-10-07 出版日期:2022-04-28 发布日期:2022-06-28
  • 通讯作者: *朱媛媛(1985— ),女,河南兰考人,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为区域发展与城乡规划、文化地理。E-mail: zhuyy990@ccnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:高喆(1985— ),男,湖北武汉人,博士,讲师,硕士生导师,研究方向为城市地理、城市与区域规划。E-mail: gaozhe@ccnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42001188);国家自然科学基金项目(42071170);湖北省自然科学基金项目(2020CFB350);华中师范大学中央高校基本科研业务费项目(CCNU20QN031)

Influence of school districts on housing prices and the effect on socio-spatial restructuring: Taking Wuchang District of Wuhan City as a case

GAO Zhe1,2(), QIU Jiayi2, YU Jiayi2, ZHU Yuanyuan1,2,*()   

  1. 1. Hubei Provincial Key Laboratory for Geographical Process Analysis & Simulation, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
    2. College of Urban & Environmental Sciences, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
  • Received:2021-08-05 Revised:2021-10-07 Online:2022-04-28 Published:2022-06-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42001188);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071170);Natural Science Foundation of Hubei Province(2020CFB350);Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities(CCNU20QN031)

摘要:

2014、2015年教育部接连发文要求落实“免试就近入学”政策,由此公立初小的入学资格与住房紧密挂钩。在此背景下,初小教育资源如何影响住宅价格,并带来怎样的城市社会空间变化是有意义的科学问题。论文基于安居客、链家、百度开放平台及问卷访谈等数据,综合运用特征价格模型、地理加权回归模型等方法,以武汉市武昌区为实证区域,探索学区对住宅价格的真实影响,并尝试从“空间生产”入手,探究学区引发的城市社会空间重构。研究发现:① 学区特征对住宅价格的影响已超过传统区位、建筑、邻里特征等的影响;② 学区房提供了资本由二级循环进入三级循环的便利路径,形成了学区空间生产与社会空间新分层的宏观基础;③ 微观层面,对优质学区的争夺产生了“学区人”和“学区空间”,进而出现学区飞地,对传统城市社会空间产生影响;④ 不同于“单位人”与“社区人”,“学区人”并不主要依靠职业或收入划分,而是因相似的家庭生命周期发生关联。

关键词: 学区, 住宅价格, 社会空间重构, 空间生产, 资本三级循环, 武汉市武昌区

Abstract:

Since the Ministry of Education of China issued a series of documents requiring the implementation of the policy of nearby enrollment without entrance exam in 2014 and 2015, the enrollment qualifications of public primary and secondary schools have been linked to housing property. In this context, it is of significant value to explore how the primary and secondary school education resources affect housing prices and how the resulting urban socio-spatial restructuring takes place. Based on the data from open platforms of Anjuke, Lianjia, and Baidu and survey questionnaire and interview data, this study took Wuchang District of Wuhan City as the case area to explore the real influence of school districts on housing prices through adopting the hedonic price model, geographically weighted regression (GWR) model, and other technical methods. Moreover, starting with the concept of "production of space", this study explored the effect of school districts on urban socio-spatial restructuring. The results show that: 1) The impact of the characteristics of school districts on housing prices has exceeded the traditional housing characteristics, such as location, architecture, and neighborhood. 2) Housing within the high school district provides a convenient path for capital inflow from secondary to tertiary circuits, forming a macro basis for the production of school districts as well as a new stratification of social space. 3) At the micro scale, the competition for high-quality school districts has produced "people of school districts" and "space of school districts", and then enclaves of school districts have emerged, which has an impact on the traditional urban social space. 4) Unlike the "danwei (workplace) people" and "community people", the definition of "people of school districts" does not mainly rely on occupational or income divisions, but is associated with families of similar life cycles.

Key words: school district, housing price, socio-spatial restructuring, production of space, circuits of capital, Wuchang District of Wuhan City