地理科学进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 595-608.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.04.005

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

乡村旅游融合性测度及其影响因素研究——以大别山区潜山市为例

张春燕1,2(), 资明贵1,2, 周梦3,*(), 罗静1,2   

  1. 1.华中师范大学地理过程分析与模拟湖北省重点实验室,武汉 430079
    2.华中师范大学城市与环境科学学院,武汉 430079
    3.大连理工大学经济管理学院,辽宁 大连 116024
  • 收稿日期:2021-07-26 修回日期:2021-10-08 出版日期:2022-04-28 发布日期:2022-06-28
  • 通讯作者: *周梦(1994— ),男,湖南岳阳人,博士生,研究方向为旅游地理与乡村旅游。E-mail: lyzm@mail.dlut.edu.cn
    *周梦(1994— ),男,湖南岳阳人,博士生,研究方向为旅游地理与乡村旅游。E-mail: lyzm@mail.dlut.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张春燕(1983— ),女,湖北松滋人,博士,讲师,硕士生导师,研究方向为旅游地理与乡村地理。E-mail: rhea@ccnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(18CJY048)

Measurement of rural tourism integration and influencing factors: A case study of Qianshan City in the Dabie Mountains

ZHANG Chunyan1,2(), ZI Minggui1,2, ZHOU Meng3,*(), LUO Jing1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory for Geographical Process Analysis & Simulation of Hubei Province, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
    3. School of Economics and Management, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2021-07-26 Revised:2021-10-08 Online:2022-04-28 Published:2022-06-28
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China(18CJY048)

摘要:

融合型乡村旅游以实现乡村地域可持续发展为目的,提高乡村旅游融合性对乡村旅游业可持续发展与乡村振兴意义深远。论文基于融合型乡村旅游研究的西方逻辑与框架,结合国内现有相关研究成果与乡村发展实际,构建涵盖网络、规模、赋权、内生性、嵌入性与互补性6个维度29项指标组成的乡村旅游融合性评价指标体系,以大别山区潜山市为例,运用ArcGIS空间可视化、地理加权回归分析,以及地理探测器等方法研究乡村旅游融合性水平的空间分异特征及其影响因素。结果表明:① 潜山市乡村旅游融合性水平存在明显空间差异,潜山南部乡村旅游融合性水平明显优于北部,各村域单元乡村旅游融合性提升潜力较大;② 美丽乡村建设与乡村旅游发展联结较弱,“美丽空心村”现象是潜山市提高乡村旅游融合性水平的瓶颈;③ 旅游开发时段、资源依托类型与乡村经济发展水平是影响潜山市乡村旅游融合性水平空间分异的主导因子,各影响因素间的交互作用会增强乡村旅游融合性水平的空间分异。融合型乡村旅游是实现价值共创与综合效益的乡村旅游模式,上述研究成果可为乡村旅游业高质量发展与乡村振兴提供理论指导与实践借鉴,同时促进融合型乡村旅游理论体系的完善与发展。

关键词: 乡村旅游, 融合型乡村旅游, 融合性, 乡村振兴, 潜山市

Abstract:

Integrated rural tourism aims at realizing the sustainable development of rural areas, and improving the integration of rural tourism is of far-reaching significance for rural revitalization and sustainable tourism. Based on the Western framework of integrated rural tourism research and combined with existing research and the development of rural areas in China, this study constructed a rural tourism integration evaluation indicator system composed of 29 indicators covering 6 dimensions of network, scale, empowerment, endogeneity, embeddedness, and complementarity. Using the ArcGIS spatial visualization tool, geographically weighted regression analysis, and geographical detectors, this study analyzed the spatial differentiation characteristics of rural tourism integration level and influencing factors in Qianshan City of the Dabie Mountains. The results show that: 1) There are obvious spatial differences in the level of rural tourism integration in Qianshan City. The level of rural tourism integration in the southern part of the city is significantly higher than that in the northern part. There is great potential for the improvement of rural tourism integration in the sample villages. 2) The development of rural tourism is weakly linked to the "beautiful countryside" program, and the phenomenon of "beautiful hollow villages" is a key barrier to enhancing rural tourism integration in the city. 3) Tourism development stage, resource support type, and rural economic development level are the dominant factors that influence the spatial differentiation of the level of rural tourism integration in Qianshan City. Interactions between the influencing factors enhance the spatial differentiation of rural tourism integration. Integrated rural tourism is a tourism development model that realizes value co-creation and comprehensive benefits. The results of this research may provide some theoretical guidance and practical reference for the high-quality development of rural tourism, and promote the improvement and development of integrated rural tourism theory.

Key words: rural tourism, integrated rural tourism, integration, rural revitalization, Qianshan City