地理科学进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 582-594.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.04.004

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

共生与融合:乡村遗产地“人—地—业”协同发展研究——以听松文化社区为例

陶慧1,2(), 张梦真1, 刘家明3,*()   

  1. 1.中央民族大学管理学院,北京 100081
    2.北京市习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想研究中心,北京 100081
    3.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2021-06-30 修回日期:2021-08-24 出版日期:2022-04-28 发布日期:2022-06-28
  • 通讯作者: *刘家明(1966— ),男,河南信阳人,研究员,博导,研究方向为旅游地理与旅游规划。E-mail: liujm@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:陶慧(1983— ),女,湖北恩施人,博士,副教授,研究方向为旅游地理与旅游人类学。E-mail: taohui@muc.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41901180);中央民族大学硕士研究生自主科研项目(SZKY2021071)

Symbiosis and integration: Coordinated development of human-land-industry in rural heritage sites: A case study of the Tingsong cultural community

TAO Hui1,2(), ZHANG Mengzhen1, LIU Jiaming3,*()   

  1. 1. School of Management, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081, China
    2. Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era Research Center in Beijing, Beijing 100081, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2021-06-30 Revised:2021-08-24 Online:2022-04-28 Published:2022-06-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41901180);Independent Scientific Research Project for Postgraduate of Minzu University of China(SZKY2021071)

摘要:

经过5000年文化积淀的中国乡村,除早已生成各自独特稳定的人居环境、社会结构、风俗习惯和运行机制外,更蕴藏了人—地和谐的生态智慧、特殊的地方性知识和丰富的地方遗产资源。作为复杂多元的地域综合系统,乡村遗产的现代化过程不仅包括土地、建筑等空间要素的嬗变,更反映了伴随“人”的生计方式与日常生活的地方实践所产生的乡土社会全系统变迁。实现乡村遗产传统与现代的共生、古典与时尚的互融、传承与创新的契合,需要打破城乡二元体制壁垒、搭建城乡内循环的桥梁,促进以“人、地、业”为核心的资源要素的流动、交互和均衡配置是乡村遗产地实现乡村振兴的核心要义。共生理论是研究乡村各系统内部关系的重要理论,利用该理论可解析乡村遗产地“人—地—业”3个子系统协同发展路径。论文以河北易县听松文化社区为例,基于共生视角阐释了返乡精英带动下人口、土地和产业3个子系统协同动态演化的过程,并提出乡村遗产地共生发展的价值逻辑:① 构建乡村社区共生体;② 促进地域循环共生圈;③ 培育横向产业共生链。以期实现乡村遗产地的人、地、业要素融合与科学重构,为保护和传承乡愁遗产地的文化资源、推动乡村振兴和建设美好乡村提供可能的理论启示与经验借鉴。

关键词: 乡村遗产地, 人—地—业, 共生, 听松文化社区

Abstract:

Many rural heritage sites in China are rich in natural and cultural tourism resources. The co-creation of landscape resources, co-ownership of territorial space, and diverse ethnicities and rural social relationship provide the basis and conditions for the symbiosis development of tourism. In addition, as an open system with comprehensive multidimensional and dynamic evolution, rural heritage sites are formed by the interaction of various elements. Population, land, and industry are the core elements of rural development. Symbiosis theory is an important theory for studying the internal relationships of rural systems, which can be used to analyze the coordinated development paths of human-land-industry subsystems in rural heritage sites. Taking Tingsong cultural community in Yi County, Hebei Province as an example, this study examined the collaborative dynamic evolution process of the three subsystems of population, land, and industry driven by the returning elite from the perspective of symbiosis, and put forward the symbiotic paths of rural development: 1) Building the symbiont of rural community. 2) Promoting the regional circular economic and ecological sphere. 3) Cultivating the horizontal symbiotic chain of industries. The results of this study may provide some reference for the comprehensive revitalization of population, land, and industry in rural heritage sites.

Key words: rural heritage sites, human-land-industry, symbiosis, Tingsong cultural community