地理科学进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 510-520.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.03.013

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

景观管理嵌入乡村旅游人地关系研究的应用框架建构

薛芮1(), 阎景娟2,*()   

  1. 1. 北京林业大学人文社会科学学院,北京 100083
    2. 北京林业大学生态文明研究中心,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-28 修回日期:2021-08-15 出版日期:2022-03-28 发布日期:2022-05-28
  • 通讯作者: *阎景娟(1964— ),女,天津人,教授、博士生导师,主要研究方向为文化研究、林业史。E-mail: yanjj85@sina.com
  • 作者简介:薛芮(1988— ),女,天津人,博士生,主要研究方向为人文地理、文化研究。E-mail: ennishsueh@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家林业和草原局林业软科学研究项目(2020131017)

A framework for incorporating landscape management into the human-environment relationship research of rural tourism

XUE Rui1(), YAN Jingjuan2,*()   

  1. 1. School of Humanities & Social Science, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. Eco-Civilization Research Center, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2021-05-28 Revised:2021-08-15 Online:2022-03-28 Published:2022-05-28
  • Supported by:
    Forestry Soft Science Research Project of State Forestry and Grassland Administration of China, No(2020131017)

摘要:

在旅游话语中,景观是旅游行为与旅游地相互作用结果的客观呈现,链接着客观存在与主观感知、过去与未来、地方与全球,可以成为管理乡村旅游人地关系问题的有力工具。论文从阐释景观概念与景观管理体系出发,对乡村旅游景观管理的本质与脉络、景观管理在乡村旅游人地关系上的嵌入做了系统梳理,主要结论包括:① 乡村旅游地景观管理的价值逻辑包括人类中心主义与非人类中心主义的制衡、工具理性与价值理性的平衡,以及“景观”与“可持续发展”悖论的消解;② 乡村旅游地景观管理在人文地理学角度主要以地方、空间、景观的理论范式为体系,三者是从不同角度来阐释人地关系的辩证关系概念;③ 乡村旅游景观管理的技术路线包括景观规划和景观保护2个主要阶段,在定量研究方面可以使用景观生态学方法,在定性研究方面则可以借鉴景观符号学方法;④ 乡村旅游地景观管理的研究框架是以生态性问题为核心,以主体性问题、时间性问题、空间性问题为基底。

关键词: 景观管理, 乡村旅游, 人地关系, 地方, 空间, 景观

Abstract:

In tourism discourses, landscape is the objective manifestation of the interaction between tourism behavior and tourism destination. It links the objective existence and subjective perception, the past and future, and the local and global. It can be a powerful tool to manage the relationship between human and nature in rural tourism. Starting from the interpretation of the concept of landscape and landscape management system, this study systematically examined the essence and context of rural tourism landscape management and the incorporation of landscape management into the human-environment relationship research of rural tourism. The main conclusions include: 1) The ideological logic of rural tourism landscape management includes the balance between anthropocentrism and non-anthropocentrism, the balance between instrumental rationality and value rationality, and the resolution of the paradox between landscape and sustainable development. 2) From the perspective of human geography, rural tourism landscape management is mainly based on the place, space, and landscape theoretical paradigms. The three explain the concept of human-environment relationship from different angles. 3) The technical route of rural tourism landscape management includes two main stages: landscape planning and landscape protection. Landscape ecology methods can be used in quantitative research, and landscape semiotics methods can be used for reference in qualitative research. 4) The research framework of rural tourism landscape management takes ecological issues as the core, and subjectivity, temporal, and spatial issues as the bases.

Key words: landscape management, rural tourism, human-environment relationship, place, space, landscape