地理科学进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 461-476.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.03.009

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

关系经济地理学与贸易网络研究进展

王文宇1(), 贺灿飞1,2,*()   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    2. 北京大学—林肯研究院城市发展与土地政策研究中心,北京 100871;
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-14 修回日期:2021-07-24 出版日期:2022-03-28 发布日期:2022-05-28
  • 通讯作者: *贺灿飞(1972— ),男,江西永新人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事经济地理、产业与区域经济研究。E-mail: hecanfei@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:王文宇(1993— ),男,山东潍坊人,博士生,主要从事经济地理、全球化与区域发展研究。E-mail: wywang@pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41731278)

Relational economic geography and trade network research

WANG Wenyu1(), HE Canfei1,2,*()   

  1. 1. School of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. Peking University-Lincoln Institute Center for Urban Development and Land Policy, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2021-04-14 Revised:2021-07-24 Online:2022-03-28 Published:2022-05-28
  • Supported by:
    Major Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No(41731278)

摘要:

贸易网络研究起源于复杂网络科学,其研究问题属于经济地理学全球化关注范畴。然而,关系经济地理作为经济地理全球化研究的中坚力量,同样借鉴社会网络和网络科学的思想,几乎没有参与到贸易网络的研究和对话中。论文针对这一现象,从介绍关系经济地理的网络范式入手,阐述关系经济的网络范式来源、过程与研究成果,并梳理现有贸易网络研究的进展,分析现阶段关系经济地理的网络思潮与贸易网络的区别,重新思考经济地理在关系视角下,应该以何种方式参与到贸易网络的讨论中。主要结论如下:① 关系经济地理的网络范式仅仅借用社会网络研究小部分概念,重视在整体网络空间中行动者的嵌入性,几乎不关注网络的整体结构及其对集体行为的影响;② 贸易网络研究主要探讨国家间贸易网络的结构与性质,而关系经济地理普遍从企业出发研究贸易流动背后的生产网络,其理论基础难以使用社会网络分析方法;③ 关系经济地理的贸易网络研究应该重视全球集群网络理论的运用,重新思考网络概念的经济地理学基础和多维网络相互耦合关系研究等问题。论文有助于推动关系经济地理学学者如何借助学科理论基础参与到贸易网络国际化研究中,对探讨现阶段经济地理理论应用和新方法实践具有重要的积极作用。

关键词: 关系经济地理, 贸易网络, 全球生产网络, 全球—地方互动;, 社会网络分析

Abstract:

Trade network research originated from complex network science, and its study is related to the globalization research of economic geography. However, relational economic geography, engaging in globalization research and social network and network science, has hardly participated in trade network research. In response to this phenomenon, this article critically reviewed the origin, process, and achievements of the network paradigm of relational economic geography and examined the progress of trade network research, to rethink how relational economic geography should participate in the discussion of trade networks. This article presented the following findings: 1) The network paradigm of relational economic geography only borrows a small part of the concepts of social network analysis, and pays little attention to the overall structure of the network and its influence on collective behaviors. 2) Trade network research mainly discusses the structure and nature of trade networks through building topological network between countries, but relational economic geography based on the actor perspective (for example, enterprises and local agent) is difficult to use social network analysis methods. 3) Relational economic geography should attach importance to global cluster network, and rethink the economic geography foundation of the network concept and the research on the mutual coupling relationship of multi-dimensional networks. This article has implications for expanding the research fields of relational economic geography and for exploring the application of theories and new methods of economic geography.

Key words: relational economic geography, trade network, global production network, global-local interactions, social network analysis