地理科学进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (11): 1839-1846.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.11.004

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

贫困地区乡村经济韧性研究及其启示——以河北省阳原县为例

李玉恒1,2(), 黄惠倩1,2, 宋传垚1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所/中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-07 修回日期:2021-07-10 出版日期:2021-11-28 发布日期:2021-11-25
  • 作者简介:李玉恒(1983— ),男,河北省石家庄人,博士,副研究员,研究领域为乡村地理、乡村韧性。E-mail: liyuheng@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771191);国家自然科学基金项目(42171208);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所“可桢杰出青年人才基金”项目(2018RC102)

Rural economic resilience in poor areas and its enlightenment: Case study of Yangyuan County, Hebei Province

LI Yuheng1,2(), HUANG Huiqian1,2, SONG Chuanyao1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2021-05-07 Revised:2021-07-10 Online:2021-11-28 Published:2021-11-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771191);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42171208);Kezhen Excellent Young Scientist Fund of IGSNRR, CAS(2018RC102)

摘要:

韧性是乡村地域系统的基本属性,对于推进乡村振兴与高质量发展具有重要支撑作用。截至2020年底,中国如期完成了新时代脱贫攻坚目标任务,然而,一些脱贫地区乡村发展水平不高,面临外界风险与挑战冲击时存在返贫风险,亟需提升乡村韧性。论文选取燕山—太行山集中连片贫困区的阳原县为研究对象,构建了“压力—状态—响应”模型(PSR),综合评价了14个乡镇、264个行政村的经济韧性。研究发现:① 阳原县乡村经济韧性平均值为0.13 (总分为1),水平偏低,乡村经济基础薄弱、发展质量不高;② 经济韧性水平较高的村庄主要分布于邻近交通干线地区,山地区和距离交通干线较远地区的乡村经济韧性水平较低;③ 农户家庭年人均纯收入偏低、人均耕地面积较少、乡村人均固定资产投资不足是经济韧性的关键制约因素。论文指出,应构建“农户个体—乡村集体—城镇中心体”的多级发展体系,强化乡村交通、通讯等基础设施建设和农户技能培训,壮大村集体经济,推进以重点镇、中心村、新型农村社区为载体的村镇化发展,实现村镇化与城市化“双轮驱动”。

关键词: 脱贫攻坚, 乡村韧性, 乡村振兴, 可持续发展

Abstract:

Resilience is a basic characteristic of the rural system, which plays a crucial role in rural revitalization. By the end of 2020, China had completed the mission of poverty alleviation in the new era. However, rural development in some areas is of low quality and when facing external risks and challenges, these areas have the risk of returning to poverty. Therefore it is urgent to improve rural resilience. This study selected Yangyuan County of Hebei Province in the contiguous poverty-stricken area of Yanshan-Taihang Mountains as the research object. The "Pressure-State-Response" (PSR) model was constructed to comprehensively evaluate the rural economic resilience. The study found that: 1) The average value of rural economic resilience in Yangyuan County is 0.13 (total score is 1), which indicates that the quality of rural economic development is not high. 2) The areas located near the town and township seats and close to the main traffic lines display high economic resilience. In contrast, mountainous areas and areas far from the main traffic lines display low economic resilience. 3) Low per capita income of rural households, low per capita arable land, and insufficient investment in rural fixed assets are the main constraints to economic resilience. The article proposed four aspects to improve rural resilience: establishing multi-level development system of "individual farmers-rural collectives-urban centers", strengthening the development of infrastructure such as rural transportation and communication systems, promoting farmers' skill training, and strengthening the collective economy of the villages. Developing key towns-central villages-new rural communities effectively accelerates the development of ruralization, which drives rural development together with urbanization.

Key words: poverty alleviation, rural resilience, rural revitalization, sustainable development