地理科学进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (9): 1488-1502.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.09.005

• 无人机发展新技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

NASA无人机交通管理系统飞行验证试验概述

王茂霖1,2(), 吕人力1,2, 管祥民1,2   

  1. 1.浙江省通用航空运行技术研究重点实验室(浙江建德通用航空研究院),杭州 311600
    2.中国民航管理干部学院,民航通用航空运行重点实验室,北京 100102
  • 收稿日期:2021-02-05 修回日期:2021-05-18 出版日期:2021-09-28 发布日期:2021-09-28
  • 作者简介:王茂霖(1992— ),男,四川广元人,讲师,主要研究方向为无人机设计、无人机运行管理等。E-mail: wangmaolin@camic.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFB0503401);国家自然科学基金项目(71731001);国家自然科学基金项目(U1933130);国家自然科学基金项目(U1433203);国家自然科学基金项目(U1533119);民航协同空管技术及应用重点实验室开放基金课题(0151010)

An overview of flight demonstration of NASA unmanned aircraft system traffic management system

WANG Maolin1,2(), LV Renli1,2, GUAN Xiangmin1,2   

  1. 1. Zhejiang Jiande Key Laboratory of General Aviation Operation Technology (General Aviation Research Institute of Zhejiang Jiande), Hangzhou 311600, China
    2. Civil Aviation Management Institute of China, CAAC Key Laboratory of General Aviation Operation, Beijing 100102, China
  • Received:2021-02-05 Revised:2021-05-18 Online:2021-09-28 Published:2021-09-28
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFB0503401);National Natural Science Foundation of China(71731001);National Natural Science Foundation of China(U1933130);National Natural Science Foundation of China(U1433203);National Natural Science Foundation of China(U1533119);Civil Aviation Cooperative Air Traffic Management Technology and Application Key Laboratory Open Fund Projects(0151010)

摘要:

随着民用无人机在物流配送、地理信息探测和应急救援等领域的快速发展,美国联邦航空局(FAA)和美国航空航天局(NASA)合作开发了无人机交通管理系统(UTM),并开展了大量的验证试验。根据技术难度,NASA将运行技术和相关的飞行验证试验分为4个技术能力水平阶段,其中第三和第四阶段是UTM试验的核心阶段,也是技术难度最高的2个阶段。论文整理了美国无人机交通管理系统第三和第四技术能力水平阶段的飞行验证试验,根据各项关键技术,对试验内容及运行场景等进行了概述,总结了相关试验经验,对中国无人机运行管理系统的试验设计提出了建议。

关键词: 无人机交通管理, 飞行验证试验, 数据交换, 感知与避让, 通信监视与导航

Abstract:

With the rapid development of civilian unmanned aircraft system (UAS) in the fields of logistics and distribution, geographic information detection, and emergency rescue, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) have jointly developed the Unmanned Aircraft System Traffic Management System (UTM) and carried out a large number of verification tests. According to the technical level, NASA divides the operation technologies and related flight demonstration tests into four technical level phases, of which the TCL-3 and TCL-4 are the core phases of the UTM test and also the most technically complex phases. This article summarized the third and fourth phases of the flight demonstration tests of the UTM system in the United States. Based on the key technologies, the test contents and operation scenarios, as well as the relevant flight experience were summarized. Finally, some recommendations for UTM system design in China were put forward.

Key words: UAS traffic management, flight demonstration, data exchange, sense and avoid, communication surveillance and navigation