地理科学进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (9): 1467-1479.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.09.003

• 无人机发展新技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

无人机组网遥感数据体系建设评介

王勇1(), 杨宇森1, 王士博1,2, 杨玉1,2, 张睿1   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2021-01-20 修回日期:2021-07-14 出版日期:2021-09-28 发布日期:2021-09-28
  • 作者简介:王勇(1975— ),男,博士,副研究员,研究方向为环境与健康时空大数据分析建模、无人机组网关键技术。E-mail: wangy@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFB0503005);中国科学院重点部署项目(ZDRW-KT-2020-2);天津科技计划项目智能制造专项(Tianjin-IMP-2018-2)

A review on the architecture construction of remote sensing data from unmanned aerial vehicle networking

WANG Yong1(), YANG Yusen1, WANG Shibo1,2, YANG Yu1,2, ZHANG Rui1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2021-01-20 Revised:2021-07-14 Online:2021-09-28 Published:2021-09-28
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFB0503005);Key Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences(ZDRW-KT-2020-2);Tianjin Intelligent Manufacturing Project(Tianjin-IMP-2018-2)

摘要:

无人机组网遥感数据是指在无人机组网条件下获取的遥感观测数据。随着无人机组网系统的复杂化,获取的遥感数据呈几何量级增长,迫切需要一种与无人机组网技术相匹配的标准化无人机组网遥感数据管理体系。遗憾的是,迄今为止,国内外还没有完善的无人机组网遥感数据体系,也没有相关文献系统地介绍无人机组网遥感数据体系的发展历程。论文依次对无人机组网遥感数据的发展历史、数据特点、数据界定和分类标准、获取和处理流程、不同场景下的应用进行了系统的梳理,指出了无人机组网遥感数据体系未来的研究方向。研究成果是无人机组网遥感数据体系研究的一次探索,将为无人机组网条件下相关行业标准的制定提供参考依据,也为无人机组网遥感数据的深层次应用提供借鉴。

关键词: 无人机组网, 遥感数据体系, 观测数据, 元数据, 应用场景

Abstract:

The remote sensing data from unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) networking refer to the remote sensing observation data obtained under the condition of UAV networking. With the increasing complexity of the UAV networking system, the acquired remote sensing data have grown geometrically, which means that it is urgent to construct a standardized UAV networking remote sensing data management architecture matching the UAV networking technology. Unfortunately, there exists no integrated remote sensing data architecture of UAV networking globally. There is also a lack of literature to systematically introduce the architecture of remote sensing data from UAV networking. This study elaborated systematically the development history of remote sensing data from UAV networking, characteristics of the data, data definition and classification standards, acquisition and processing procedures, and different application scenarios. Finally, a preliminary proposal for the architecture construction of remote sensing data from UAV networking is presented. The results of this study may be useful for the exploration of constructing UAV networking remote sensing data architecture, and provide some references for the formulation of relevant industrial standards for UAV networking, as well as the in-depth application of UAV networking remote sensing data.

Key words: UAV networking, architecture of remote sensing data, observation data, metadata, application scenarios