地理科学进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (8): 1257-1268.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.08.001

• 研究论文 •    下一篇

中国异地投资网络结构演化及影响因素研究

焦敬娟1(), 张齐林1, 吴宇勇1, 江润泽1, 王姣娥2,3,*()   

  1. 1.北京交通大学经济管理学院,北京 100044
    2.中国科学院地理科学与资源所区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    3.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2021-01-20 修回日期:2021-05-03 出版日期:2021-08-28 发布日期:2021-10-28
  • 通讯作者: *王姣娥(1981— ),女,湖南涟源人,研究员,博士生导师,研究方向为交通地理与区域发展等。E-mail:wangje@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:焦敬娟(1988— ),女,河南安阳人,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为交通地理与区域发展等。E-mail:jjjiao@bjtu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41701126);国家自然科学基金项目(71872010);国家自然科学基金项目(42071147);北京市级大学生创新创业训练计划项目(S202110004204)

Change and influencing factors of China’s cross-regional investment network structure

JIAO Jingjuan1(), ZHANG Qilin1, WU Yuyong1, JIANG Runze1, WANG Jiao'e2,3,*()   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2021-01-20 Revised:2021-05-03 Online:2021-08-28 Published:2021-10-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41701126);National Natural Science Foundation of China(71872010);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071147);Beijing Undergraduate Training Program for Innovation and Entrepreneurship(S202110004204)

摘要:

随着城市间经济联系日益密切,资本跨区域流动逐渐成为影响区域发展的关键因素,企业异地投资是资本流动的微观体现,探讨企业异地投资特征对于区域发展具有重要意义。为此,论文以1998—2018年中国上市企业异地投资数据为研究对象,构建中国异地投资网络,从全国和东中西3大地区角度分析异地投资网络的空间演化特征及影响因素。研究发现:全国和3大地区异地投资网络节点中心性空间集聚特征明显,主要集中在5大城市群地区;异地投资网络空间上表现出明显的层级结构、空间集聚性、路径依赖等特征;投资净流入和净流出城市仍主要位于东部地区,但投资活动存在向中部和西部发展的趋势;城市的经济发展水平、产业结构、金融环境等均对全国和东中西3大地区呈现差异化的影响。

关键词: 异地投资, 资本流动, 企业关联, 中心性

Abstract:

With the increasing economic interaction between cities, capital flow across regions has gradually become a key factor affecting the regional economic disparities. Cross-regional enterprise investment is regarded as the micro embodiment of capital flows. It is of great significance to explore the characteristics of cross-regional enterprise investment for reducing regional economic disparities. Thus, this study examined the cross-regional investment network using the cross-regional investment data of Chinese listed companies in 1998-2018, and analyzed the characteristics of the spatial evolution of China's cross-regional investment network and its influencing factors at the national and regional levels. The results show that: the spatial agglomeration trend of node centrality in China's cross-regional investment network at the national and regional levels is obvious and the cities with high node centrality are mainly concentrated in the five major urban agglomerations. There are obvious hierarchical structure, spatial heterogeneity, and path dependence of the cross-regional investment network; the net investment inflows and outflows are mainly in the eastern region, and the investment activities tend to develop toward the central and western regions; the influence of city economic development level, industrial structure, and financial environment varies across regions and types of cities with different population scales.

Key words: cross-regional investment, capital flows, corporate linkage, centrality