地理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (10): 1770-1782.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2020.10.015

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市绿色空间格局时空演变及其生态系统服务评价的研究进展与展望

成超男1(), 胡杨2, 赵鸣1,*()   

  1. 1.北京林业大学园林学院,北京 100083
    2.同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,上海 200092
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-05 修回日期:2020-02-21 出版日期:2020-10-28 发布日期:2020-10-27
  • 通讯作者: 赵鸣
  • 作者简介:成超男(1992— ),女,内蒙古呼和浩特人,博士生,主要从事风景园林规划设计与理论研究。E-mail: chengzi0403@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC0506903)

Progress and prospect of the spatiotemporal change and ecosystem services evaluation of urban green space pattern

CHENG Chaonan1(), HU Yang2, ZHAO Ming1,*()   

  1. 1. School of Landscape Architecture, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
    2. College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
  • Received:2019-11-05 Revised:2020-02-21 Online:2020-10-28 Published:2020-10-27
  • Contact: ZHAO Ming
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China(2018YFC0506903)

摘要:

科学合理的城市绿色空间格局是城市可持续发展的物质空间保障,对其时空演变和影响因素进行研究,可揭示城市绿色空间在城市化进程中各要素与演变过程的复杂关系,以确保城市生态系统服务功能的正常发挥。在生态文明建设背景下,城市绿色空间将在多尺度国土空间规划中发挥积极作用,然而城市绿色空间规划与国土空间规划如何衔接却有待商榷。因此,论文在梳理城市绿色空间概念界定和发展历程的基础上,一方面讨论城市绿色空间格局的时空评价、驱动因子、情景模拟及优化策略的研究进展;另一方面总结生态系统服务在城市绿色空间格局评价中的应用进展。通过归纳以上研究内容,提出国土空间规划体系中有关城市绿色空间格局的评价及优化框架,以期为新时代背景下的城市绿色空间规划提供参考。

关键词: 城市绿色空间格局, 时空演变, 生态系统服务, 国土空间规划

Abstract:

Scientific and reasonable urban green space layout is an important guarantee of urban sustainable development. The research on the spatiotemporal change of urban green space pattern and its influencing factors could reveal its complex relationship with various factors and processes of urbanization to facilitate improvement of the function of ecosystem services of urban systems. In the context of ecological civilization construction, urban green space will play an important role in multi-scale territorial spatial planning, but how to combine them remains a challenge. Therefore, based on a review of the definition and development of urban green space patterns, we discussed the research progress of the spatiotemporal change, driving factors, scenario simulation, and optimization strategies of urban green space patterns. We also summarized the application of ecosystem services in urban green space evaluation. Finally, we explored the evaluation and optimization framework of urban green space patterns in the territorial spatial planning system, with a view of providing a reference for urban green space planning in the new era.

Key words: urban green space pattern, spatiotemporal change, ecosystem services, territorial spatial planning