地理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (9): 1587-1596.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2020.09.015

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于企业视角的城市网络研究进展、思考和展望

胡国建(), 陆玉麒*()   

  1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-06 修回日期:2019-12-11 出版日期:2020-09-28 发布日期:2020-11-28
  • 通讯作者: 陆玉麒
  • 作者简介:胡国建(1992— ),男,江西九江人,博士生,主要研究方向为经济地理与区域发展。E-mail: guojianhu1992@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41430635)

Progress, thoughts, and prospect of urban network research based on enterprise perspective

HU Guojian(), LU Yuqi*()   

  1. School of Geography, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2019-09-06 Revised:2019-12-11 Online:2020-09-28 Published:2020-11-28
  • Contact: LU Yuqi
  • Supported by:
    Key Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China(41430635)

摘要:

与其他研究视角相比,基于企业联系的城市网络研究在网络构建、职能划定和动力解释等方面都更为深入。结合国内外研究现状可知,企业联系视角的城市网络研究的新趋势包括数据来源的扩展、网络构建方式的突破,研究区的下沉以及基于企业间外部联系的考察;城市功能网络研究可以纳入城市网络研究的范畴,但后者要更注重数据和网络构造方式的表征能力。论文进一步对企业视角的城市网络研究中一些关键的概念和问题进行讨论,包括:嵌入性理论在企业网络和城市网络中的“桥梁作用”、企业联系的种类及其与城市网络研究的关系、生产者服务业在城市联系及相关研究中的地位,以及相关研究在社会经济发展中的作用等。

关键词: 城市网络, 企业网络, 研究进展, 生产者服务业, 中国

Abstract:

Under the background of globalization, the extensive inter-urban linkages of human, material, capital, information, and other elements have become a prominent feature of modern socioeconomic systems. The elements of mobility connect different cities into a unified whole, and urban networks describe this new type of spatial organization. A network of cities nested in regions, countries, and the world has been formed. Enterprise association, traffic flow, and information flow are the main sources of relational data in urban network research. Traffic flow and information flow are relatively simple in constructing urban network or information network, but do not present deeper details of urban networks. Enterprise-related data, however, are more complicated and in-depth in terms of network construction, functional delineation, and dynamic interpretation. This study firstly reviewed the research progress of Chinese and international scholars on the urban network from a corporate perspective, and clarified the new trends in the literature. Secondly, this article discussed whether urban functional networks should be included in the study of urban networks. On this basis, the embedding theory was introduced into the research. The rational of urban network research from the perspective of enterprise network was discussed from the perspectives of social embedding, regional embedding, relationship embedding, and scale embedding. Emphasis was placed on the differences between internal contacts, external contacts, and super-enterprise connections, and their respective relationships with urban networks. We also clarified the role and status of producer services in urban linkages and related research. It is proposed that urban network research should be applied to the social practice of defining urban functional orientation, enhancing regional economic competitiveness, and demarcating urban agglomeration boundaries. Finally, this study also proposes that future urban network research should strengthen the analysis of relationships and multiple perspectives, and attach importance to the influence of institutional culture on urban networks.

Key words: urban network, enterprise network, research progress, producer service industry;, China