地理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 660-669.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2020.04.013

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国乡村生活空间研究溯源及展望

高丽1, 李红波1,2,*(), 张小林1,2   

  1. 1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210023
    2. 江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心,南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-15 修回日期:2019-07-25 出版日期:2020-04-28 发布日期:2020-06-28
  • 通讯作者: 李红波
  • 作者简介:高丽(1995— ),女,安徽芜湖人,硕士生,研究方向为乡村地理学。E-mail: 736683005@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41501187);国家自然科学基金项目(51778002);国家自然科学基金项目(41571164);教育部人文社科基金项目(20YJCZH069)

Historical development and prospect of rural living space research in China

GAO Li1, LI Hongbo1,2,*(), ZHANG Xiaolin1,2   

  1. 1. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2019-04-15 Revised:2019-07-25 Online:2020-04-28 Published:2020-06-28
  • Contact: LI Hongbo
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41501187);National Natural Science Foundation of China(51778002);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41571164);The Humanities and Social Sciences Financed by Ministry of Education(20YJCZH069)

摘要:

乡村生活空间是乡村发展的缩影,透视了乡村地域的人地关系。随着城乡融合战略、乡村振兴战略的实施,加之新型城镇化和全球化进程的不断推进,包括乡村生活空间在内的乡村空间发生整体性重构,乡村进入新的发展时期。在此过程中,乡村生活空间如何映射和影响乡村发展,是值得多角度探讨的话题。论文在梳理历史文献的基础上,认为乡村生活空间是承载乡村居民日常生活行为的场所空间,是乡村居民居住、休闲、社交、消费以及公共服务活动的多层次地域综合体,也是乡村社会空间的重要组成部分。国内学界对乡村生活空间的研究自20世纪20年代至今约百年,论文按照中国不同经济社会发展阶段特征,将乡村生活空间研究历程分为4个阶段:1949年前的探索时期、改革开放前的停滞时期、改革开放后的复兴时期、21世纪以来的快速发展时期。但相比于国外乡村生活空间的研究和国内城市生活空间的研究,国内乡村生活研究内容偏向实证,缺乏全面的深度总结和理论构建。新时期中国乡村生活空间的研究应该构建完整的研究框架体系,分别从基础理论、研究主体和多元化研究视角进行多层次、全方位的探索展望。

关键词: 乡村生活空间, 乡村空间, 溯源, 展望

Abstract:

Rural living space is the microcosm of rural development, which reflects the human-environment relationship in rural areas. With the implementation of the Urban-Rural Integration Strategy and the Rural Revitalization Strategy, coupled with the development of the new-type urbanization and globalization, rural space, including rural living space, has been restructured as a whole, and the countryside has entered a new period of development. In this process, how rural living space map and influence rural development is a topic worthy of discussion from multiple perspectives. Based on the review of literature, this article holds that the rural living space is the space of the daily life behavior of rural residents, a multi-level territorial complex of rural residents' living, leisure, socializing, consumption, and public service activities, and an important part of rural social space. The study of rural living space in Chinese academia started in the 1920s. According to the characteristics of different stages of economic and social development of China, this study divided the research of rural living space into four periods: the exploration period before the founding of the People's Republic of China; the stagnation period before the Reform and Opening-up; the revival period after the Reform and Opening-up; and the rapid development period since the 21st century. However, compared with international rural living space research and Chinese urban living space research, the study of rural life in China tends to be empirical, lacking comprehensive deep examination and theoretical model construction. In the new era of development, the study of rural living space in China should construct a complete research framework and carry out multi-level and all dimensional exploration on basic theories, research subjects, and diverse research perspectives.

Key words: rural living space, rural space, historical development, prospect