地理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (3): 503-518.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2020.03.014

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

“生产-生活-生态”空间识别与优化研究进展

黄安1,2, 许月卿1,2,*(), 卢龙辉1,2, 刘超3, 张益宾1,2, 郝晋珉1,2, 王惠1,2   

  1. 1.中国农业大学土地科学与技术学院,北京 100193
    2.自然资源部农用地质量与监控重点实验室,北京 100193
    3.华中师范大学公共管理学院,武汉 430079
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-01 修回日期:2019-09-17 出版日期:2020-03-28 发布日期:2020-05-28
  • 通讯作者: 许月卿 E-mail:xmoonq@sina.com
  • 作者简介:黄安(1990— ),男,四川雅安人,博士生,主要研究方向为土地利用多功能与可持续、国土空间规划等。E-mail: hhanner@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41971238);国家自然科学基金项目(41571087)

Research progress of the identification and optimization of production-living-ecological spaces

HUANG An1,2, XU Yueqing1,2,*(), LU Longhui1,2, LIU Chao3, ZHANG Yibin1,2, HAO Jinmin1,2, WANG hui1,2   

  1. 1.College of Land Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    2.Key Laboratory of Agricultural Land Qualify, Monitoring and Control, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100193, China
    3.College of Public Administration, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
  • Received:2019-04-01 Revised:2019-09-17 Online:2020-03-28 Published:2020-05-28
  • Contact: XU Yueqing E-mail:xmoonq@sina.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971238);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41571087)

摘要:

“生产-生活-生态”(简称“三生”)空间识别与优化研究是在识别现状空间结构、格局及问题的基础上,对未来空间进行优化布局,实现空间的均衡、可持续性发展,是一种更具综合性的国土空间分区方式,已成为当前学术前沿和国土空间规划亟需解决的实践问题。论文通过文献调研法、对比法和归纳法,系统梳理了“三生”空间概念内涵、识别与优化研究现状。目前,“三生”空间识别研究取得了阶段性成果,但“三生”空间形成的内在机理与概念探讨不足,“三生”空间的定量识别方法与技术体系研究有待完善,“三生”空间动态演化及驱动机制、空间冲突诊断和问题分析较为薄弱,“三生”空间优化理论和技术体系尚处于初级阶段。未来,应形成“三生”空间识别与优化“质”“量”观,借鉴国际空间规划已有的研究成果,以“‘三生’空间形成机理与概念界定、定量识别、演化机制挖掘、冲突诊断与问题分析、优化调控与模拟”为主线,系统构建“三生”空间识别与优化的理论与技术体系;同时,重视具有水平方向和垂直方向特征的山区“三生”空间识别与优化研究。

关键词: “生产-生活-生态”空间;, 识别, 优化, 进展与展望

Abstract:

The study on identification and optimization of production-living-ecological spaces is to optimize the layout of future space based on identifying the structure, pattern, and problems of current spaces, which is a more comprehensive land spatial zoning approach and an urgent practical problem in national spatial planning, as well as a frontier of academic research. In this study, literature review methods, comparative analysis, and induction were performed to systematically summarize the current research situation of the concept and connotation, identification, and optimization of production-living-ecological spaces. At present, the research on the identification and optimization of production-living-ecological spaces has made a major breakthrough. However, the internal mechanism and concept of the formation of production-living-ecological spaces were insufficiently examined. The quantitative identification method and technical system of production-living-ecological spaces need to be improved. The dynamic change and driving mechanism, spatial conflict diagnosis, and problem analysis of production-living-ecological spaces were weakly researched. Optimization theory and technology system of production-living-ecological spaces were still in the initial stage. We propose the following future directions: Forming the concept of quality and quantity in future research; Attaching importance to lessons-learned from the existing research results of international spatial planning; With formation mechanism and concept definition, quantitative identification, mechanism of change examination, conflict diagnosis, and problem analysis and optimization control and simulation of production-living-ecological spaces as the main research lines, constructing the theory and technical system of identification and optimization of production-living-ecological spaces. Meanwhile, more attention should be paid to mountainous areas with horizontal and vertical features.

Key words: production-living-ecological spaces, identification, optimization, research progress and prospect