地理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (3): 488-502.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2020.03.013

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市网络韧性的概念与分析框架探析

魏冶1, 修春亮2,*()   

  1. 1.东北师范大学地理科学学院,长春 130024
    2.东北大学江河建筑学院,沈阳 110169
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-27 修回日期:2019-10-22 出版日期:2020-03-28 发布日期:2020-05-28
  • 通讯作者: 修春亮 E-mail:xiucl@nenu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:魏冶(1983— ),男,吉林梨树人,博士,副教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为城市与区域规划及GIS应用。E-mail: weiy742@nenu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41971202)

Study on the concept and analytical framework of city network resilience

WEI Ye1, XIU Chunliang2,*()   

  1. 1.School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
    2.School of Jangho Architecture, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110169, China
  • Received:2019-06-27 Revised:2019-10-22 Online:2020-03-28 Published:2020-05-28
  • Contact: XIU Chunliang E-mail:xiucl@nenu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971202)

摘要:

城市网络作为一种新的城市地域系统组织形式和研究范式被广泛关注。目前绝大多数城市网络研究都基于正面视角,对城市网络的负面效应、安全与可持续发展问题却鲜有提及。论文通过梳理城市网络与区域韧性的相关研究进展,探索性地提出一种基于演化韧性的城市网络韧性概念来探讨城市网络的“负面问题”。城市网络韧性可理解为城市网络系统借助于城市间社会、经济、工程与组织等各领域的协作和互补关系,能够预防、抵御、响应和适应外部急性冲击和慢性压力的影响并从中恢复或转换的能力。基于此概念,结合演化韧性与适应性循环理论,将城市网络视为一个动态演化的复杂适应系统,基于基础设施、组织、经济与社会等4个维度,兼顾适应性与适应能力,尝试性地提出基于韧性特征和韧性过程视角的城市网络韧性综合分析框架,并对城市网络韧性的分析方法、优化方法予以展望,对涉及的若干核心问题展开讨论。研究可为以安全发展为目标的区域规划、区域政策制定和区域组织建立提供科学依据,也可为各城市节点找准自身角色、有效参与区域治理提供有价值的参考。

关键词: 城市网络, 区域韧性, 城市网络韧性, 安全发展

Abstract:

As a new organizational form and research paradigm of urban spatial system, city network has been widely concerned in recent years. However, most of the studies on city networks were based on a positive perspective, while the negative effects, security, and sustainable development of city networks were rarely addressed. By reviewing the literature of city network and regional resilience, this article tentatively proposed a concept and an analytical framework of city network resilience based on evolutionary resilience theory to explore the "negative problems" of city networks. In brief, city network resilience could be comprehended as the ability of city network systems to prevent, resist, respond to, and adapt to the impact of external acute shocks and chronic pressures and recover from them or switch into another development path by means of the cooperation and complementarity of social, economic, organizational, and engineering fields among cities. Based on this concept, combining evolutionary resilience and adaptive cycle theory, a city network was regarded as a complex adaptive system with dynamic changes. Based on the social network, economic network, organizational network, and infrastructure network, considering both adaptation and adaptability, a framework of urban network resilience analysis from the perspective of resilience characteristics and resilience processes was proposed. Furthermore, the analysis and optimization methods of urban network resilience were prospected, and some core issues involved were discussed. The research aimed to provide a scientific basis for regional planning, regional policy formulation, and regional organization establishment with the goal of achieving safe development, and provide valuable references for each city node to identify its role in a region and participate in regional governance.

Key words: city network, regional resilience, city network resilience, safe development