地理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 310-326.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2020.02.012

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

人地系统远程耦合的研究进展与展望

马恩朴1,2, 蔡建明1,*(), 韩燕1,2, 廖柳文1,2, 林静1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-22 修回日期:2019-07-21 出版日期:2020-02-28 发布日期:2020-04-28
  • 通讯作者: 蔡建明
  • 作者简介:马恩朴(1989— ),男,博士生,贵州毕节人,研究方向为城市农业、可持续城市化与土地利用/覆被变化研究。E-mail:maenpu2015@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71734001);国家自然科学基金项目(41371008);“中欧可持续城镇化合作”二期项目(770141)

Research progress and prospect of telecoupling of Human-Earth system

MA Enpu1,2, CAI Jianming1,*(), HAN Yan1,2, LIAO Liuwen1,2, LIN Jing1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-01-22 Revised:2019-07-21 Online:2020-02-28 Published:2020-04-28
  • Contact: CAI Jianming
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(71734001);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41371008);Transition towards Urban Sustainability through Socially Integrative Cities in the EU and in China(770141)

摘要:

在越发紧密关联的全球化世界中,如何实现可持续发展日益需要跨系统思维和超区域政策。这首先要求致力于可持续发展研究的学科要提升自身对跨区域资源环境问题的洞察力,因此就有必要推动地理学传统研究框架的适应性创新和变革。远程耦合作为聚焦于“远距离人类与自然耦合系统之间社会经济与环境相互作用”的理论框架,有极大的潜力和优势来促进这一理论创新进程。为了缩小国内外在远程耦合领域的研究差距,论文基于文献研究和笔者对远程耦合框架的理解,从远程耦合的理论建构、经验证据、重点研究领域和研究方法4个方面介绍了该理论框架及其应用进展,并提出3个方面的展望来激发新的研究。综述表明,由于远距离人类活动不断增长以及大尺度自然过程与人类活动的相互作用,在远程连接、全球化和城市化维度上均存在大量远程耦合的经验证据;目前学术界对远程耦合框架的应用主要集中于生态系统服务、远程耦合的社会经济和环境影响及土地变化科学3个方面;同时得益于理论操作化的进展,目前开展远程耦合研究已具备较好的方法支持。基于此,论文认为,为应对新兴的现实科学命题,基于远程耦合框架的地理学研究应当在人地关系网络系统的理论创新、远程耦合动力机制和远程耦合的调控工具集3个方面实现突破。

关键词: 人地系统, 远程耦合, 经验证据, 生态系统服务, 远程耦合影响, 土地变化科学

Abstract:

Achieving sustainable development in an increasingly interconnected globalized world requires cross-system thinking and more integrated regional policy. First, it requires disciplines devoted to sustainable development research to improve their insights into trans-regional resource and environmental issues. Accordingly, it is necessary to promote the adaptive innovation and transformation of the traditional research framework of geography. Telecoupling, as a theoretical framework focusing on socioeconomic and environmental interactions among coupled human and natural systems over distances, has great potential and advantages to facilitate the process of theoretical innovation. In order to narrow the gap between Chinese and international research in the field of telecoupling, we introduce the telecoupling framework and its application progress from theoretical construction, empirical evidence, key research areas, and research methods based on literature review, document analysis, and our own understanding of telecoupling, and further give some suggests. The review shows that there is a large amount of empirical evidence of telecoupling in the dimensions of teleconnection, globalization, and urbanization due to the continuous growth of long-distance human activities and their interaction with large-scale natural processes. Currently, the application of the telecoupling framework in academia mainly focuses on three aspects: ecosystem services, the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of telecoupling, and land change science. Due to the progress in operationalizing the theories, current telecoupling research has been well supported methodologically. We further argue that geographical research based on the telecoupling framework should make breakthroughs in the theoretical innovation of Human-Earth relationship network system, telecoupling mechanism, and telecoupling regulatory tool sets, so that scientific research can keep up with the latest trends and solve the emerging real world problems.

Key words: Human-Earth system, telecoupling, empirical evidence, ecosystem services, telecoupling effects, land change science