地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (8): 1171-1181.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.08.006

• 专栏:流域地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

湿地水文过程与植被响应研究进展与案例分析

徐力刚,赖锡军,万荣荣,王晓龙,李相虎   

  1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,中国科学院流域地理学重点实验室,南京210008
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-11 修回日期:2019-07-17 出版日期:2019-08-25 发布日期:2019-08-25
  • 作者简介:徐力刚(1976— ),男,四川仁寿人,研究员,博士,博导,主要从事湖泊水环境的研究。E-mail: lgxu@niglas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC0407606);中国科学院STS区域重点项目(KFJ-STS-QYZD-098);青海省科技计划项目(2019-HZ-818);江西省重点研发计划项目(20171BBH80015)

Review of the development of lake wetlands eco-hydrology and case studies

XU Ligang,LAI Xijun,WAN Rongrong,WANG Xiaolong,LI Xianghu   

  1. Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
  • Received:2018-09-11 Revised:2019-07-17 Online:2019-08-25 Published:2019-08-25
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China(2018YFC0407606);STS Key Projects of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(KFJ-STS-QYZD-098);Science and Technology Planning Project of Qinghai Province(2019-HZ-818);Key Project of Research and Development Plan of Jiangxi Province(20171BBH80015)

摘要:

生态水文学是20世纪90年代兴起的一门研究生态过程和生态格局水文机制的新学科。湖泊湿地作为中国5大类天然湿地类型之一,湖泊湿地生态水文学的研究业已成为生态水文学的研究的一个重要对象和分支,其核心在于研究湖泊湿地生态系统中多时空尺度的水文与生物格局、过程的耦合特征及其相互作用。论文首先概述了湖泊湿地生态水文学的研究进展,包括其基本理论,内涵、外延及其主要研究内容;凝练了湖泊湿地生态水文学研究的方法体系、思路及框架;针对目前湖泊湿地生态水文学研究中存在的问题及薄弱环节,提出了湖泊湿地生态水文学未来研究的发展趋势和亟需加强研究的重点方向。在此基础上,以长江中游的典型通江湖泊湿地——鄱阳湖湿地为例,通过开展的湖泊湿地生态水文过程与模拟研究的典型案例,阐述了鄱阳湖湖泊湿地生态水文过程的变化及其植被响应研究的最新进展和研究成果。论文对于构建涵盖湖泊湿地水资源、湖泊湿地生态景观格局与流域管理、湖泊湿地生物多样性保育以及湿地资源可持续利用与生态管理等方向在内的战略研究体系,完善湿地生态水文研究与流域生态与管理的技术支撑体系具有重要的指导意义和实践价值。

关键词: 流域地理学, 生态水文, 湿地, 模型系统, 鄱阳湖

Abstract:

Eco-hydrology is a new discipline emerged in the 1990s that studies the hydrological mechanism of ecological processes and structures. It focuses on the hydrological mechanism of ecological patterns and the variation of ecological processes. Lake wetlands are one of the five types of natural wetlands in China. The research on eco-hydrology in lake wetlands is an important branch of ecological hydrology research. It concentrates on the research of coupling features and interactions of hydrology and biological patterns and processes in the multi-temporal scale of wetland ecosystem. In this article we summarized the research progress of eco-hydrology on lake wetlands, including its basic theory, connotation, extension, and main research contents. Following that, we concluded the methodology framework of eco-hydrology. We also identified the current and future research topics in eco-hydrology. Finally, based on some case studies, we demonstrated the responses of vegetation to the variation of eco-hydrological processes in the Poyang Lake. This article may have important guiding significance and practical value not only for water resources protection, ecological biodiversity conservation, and wetland ecosystem sustainability, but also for the improvement of technical support systems of wetland eco-hydrology research and watershed ecology and management.

Key words: watershed geography, eco-hydrology, wetlands, model system, Poyang Lake