地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (8): 1136-1149.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.08.003

• 专栏:流域地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

流域交通运输地理研究进展与展望

吴威,梁双波,曹有挥()   

  1. 中国科学院流域地理学重点实验室,中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,南京 210008
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-06 修回日期:2019-06-25 出版日期:2019-08-25 发布日期:2019-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 曹有挥 E-mail:yhcao@niglas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:吴威(1976— ),男,安徽歙县人,博士,副研究员,从事区域发展与运输地理研究。E-mail: wwu@niglas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871122);国家自然科学基金项目(41771139);国家自然科学基金项目(41671132);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项 (A 类)子课题(XDA20010101)

Progress and trend in research on watershed transport geography

WU Wei,LIANG Shuangbo,CAO Youhui()   

  1. Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
  • Received:2019-03-06 Revised:2019-06-25 Online:2019-08-25 Published:2019-08-25
  • Contact: CAO Youhui E-mail:yhcao@niglas.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871122);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771139);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41671132);Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Class A), No. XDA20010101.

摘要:

流域交通运输地理在区域交通运输地理的理论框架下,以流域或流域的部分区域为研究区开展交通运输组织及其发展规律研究。论文从交通网络、运输联系及区域效应3个方面梳理了流域交通运输地理的研究进展。 ① 交通网络相关研究围绕综合交通发展水平与格局、网络连接特征与可达性、港口体系的空间结构与供应链等展开,多式联运正成为流域交通运输地理研究的新热点;② 运输联系主要研究客货运输联系规律和交通流,流域物流地理的研究重点正从物流产业布局与企业选址向物流网络与空间组织、物流供应链转移;③ 区域效应偏重于经济增长效应,资源环境生态效应研究较为薄弱。基于流域交通运输地理研究的侧重点,结合当前研究进展与流域发展需求,流域交通运输地理学未来应重视流域港口体系与水运发展,关注综合交通网络构建与运输组织以及多式联运,探究不同层级流域交通运输间的关联性,同时应加强流域交通运输的资源环境与生态效应研究。

关键词: 流域交通运输地理, 区域交通运输地理, 交通网络, 运输联系, 区域效应

Abstract:

Based on the theoretical framework of regional transport geography, watershed transport geography focuses on the research of transport organization and its development using watershed or part of a watershed as research area. This article reviewed pertinent literature of watershed transport geography from three aspects: transport network, transport connection, and regional effect. 1) Related work of transport network mainly focuses on the level and pattern of comprehensive transport development, network connection characteristics and accessibility, as well as the spatial structure and supply chain of the port system. Multimodal transport is becoming a new hotspot in the study of watershed transport geography. 2) Transport connection studies focus on traffic flow and the pattern of connection between passenger and cargo transport. The research focus of watershed logistics geography is shifting from logistics industry layout and enterprise location to logistics network and spatial organization, logistics supply chain. 3) Regional effects are biased towards economic growth effects, with less attention on resource, environmental, and ecological effects. Based on the research focus of watershed transport geography while taking current research progress and basin development needs into consideration, we suggest that watershed transport geography should put emphasis on the development of basin port system and water transport. It is necessary not only to pay close attention to the construction of integrated transport networks, organizations, and multimodal transport, but also to explore the association between watershed transports at different levels of the hierarchy. At the same time, research on the natural resources and environment effects of watershed transport should also be emphasized.

Key words: watershed transport geography, regional transport geography, transport network, transport connection, regional effect