地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (6): 941-950.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.06.014

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    

俄罗斯社会经济地理学近30余年的发展

特鲁仁宁1,2(), 董雅文3, 张磊4, 高金龙3,*()   

  1. 1. 联邦南方大学, 罗斯托夫344006, 俄罗斯
    2. 联邦波罗的海大学, 加里宁格勒236016, 俄罗斯
    3. 中国科学院流域地理学重点实验室, 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008, 中国
    4. 江苏省环境科学研究院, 南京210036, 中国
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-11 修回日期:2019-03-25 出版日期:2019-06-28 发布日期:2019-06-27
  • 通讯作者: 高金龙 E-mail:alexdru9@mail.ru;jlgao@niglas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    第一作者简介:特鲁仁宁(Druzhinin Alexander),男,俄罗斯人,教授,博导,俄罗斯人文地理(社会经济地理)学家联合会主席,主要从事区域社会经济地理与文化地理研究。E-mail: alexdru9@mail.ru

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41701193);自然资源部海岸带开发与保护重点实验室开放基金项目(2017CZEPK04)

Development of socioeconomic geography in Russia during the past three decades

Alexander DRUZHININ1,2(), Yawen DONG3, Lei ZHANG4, Jinlong GAO3,*()   

  1. 1. Southern Federal University, Rostov 344006, Russia
    2. Baltic Federal University, Kaliningrad 236016, Russia
    3. Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
    4. Jiangsu Provincial Academy of Environmental Sciences, Nanjing 210036, China
  • Received:2018-12-11 Revised:2019-03-25 Online:2019-06-28 Published:2019-06-27
  • Contact: Jinlong GAO E-mail:alexdru9@mail.ru;jlgao@niglas.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41701193;Research Fund of Key Laboratory of Coastal Zone Exploitation and Protection, Ministry of Land and Resource, No. 2017CZEPK04.

摘要:

中俄两国建立战略伙伴关系是共同致力于两国社会经济可持续发展的重要举措,加强了解两国地理学发展的特征、扩大合作领域是推进这一战略任务实施的必然选择。本文以对俄罗斯社会经济地理学相关资料与文献收集与分析、以及近10余年俄罗斯地理学者与社会学者联合会年度学术会议资料等为支撑,用传承、革新、创新的视野,对俄罗斯近30余年社会经济地理学思想体系的发展以及近期的主要趋势进行概略性地阐述。在将俄罗斯经济地理学传承变革划分为6个阶段的基础上,重点围绕国家或区域地缘关系变化、多尺度地域空间组织、地域经济网络结构形成与发展、“大欧亚”建设和“东向发展”构想的社会经济地理学思考和对策、社会经济地理学的包容性和实践性,以及伴随全球化和国家发展战略需要涌现出新的分支学科、新思路、新观念等方面进行分析综述;给出近30余年主要地理研究机构对社会经济地理学研究领域的重点研究问题、主要学者及其代表作;并阐述在理论与方法论、落后地区发展、社会公平、贫困等问题研究方面存在的不足。研究结果对加深中俄两国地理学界的相互了解、推进社会经济地理学的创新发展具有现实意义。

关键词: 社会经济地理学, 传承与革新, 发展态势, 俄罗斯

Abstract:

The establishment of strategic partnership between China and Russia is an important measure for jointly contributing to the sustainability of social and economic development in both countries. Improving the understanding of the development of geography in China and Russia and further expanding the scope of cooperation are necessary for such development. Based on the literature on Russian socioeconomic geography and annual conference material of the Association of Russian Geographers in the past decades, this article briefly expounds contemporary progress of related work in Russia with the vision of inheritance and innovation. The development and major trends of the socioeconomic geography thoughts in Russia are discussed. On the basis of dividing the transformation of Russian economic geography into six stages, this article focuses on terms and phenomena of changes in national or regional geo-relationships, multi-scale regional spatial organization, the development of regional economic network structure, the construction of "big Europe and Asia", as well as the conception of "eastward development". We mainly discussed the inclusivity of socioeconomic geography, as well as the emergence of new sub-disciplines, new ideas, and new concepts along with the progress of globalization and national development. We thereafter listed major concerns of socioeconomic geographers in Russia, as well as the leading scholars and their masterpieces. We also pointed out the shortcomings in the areas of theory and methodology construction, development of less-developed regions, social equity, and poverty, among others. This study may have potential in deepening mutual understanding between Chinese and Russian geographers and promoting the innovative development of socioeconomic geography.

Key words: socioeconomic geography, inheritance and innovation, progress, Russia