地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): 662-674.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.05.004

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

地方认同的内涵维度及影响因素研究进展

戴旭俊(), 刘爱利*()   

  1. 首都师范大学资源环境与旅游学院,北京 100048
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-18 修回日期:2019-03-01 出版日期:2019-05-28 发布日期:2019-05-28
  • 通讯作者: 刘爱利 E-mail:daisyforever1026@126.com;beyondtour@163.com
  • 作者简介:

    第一作者简介:戴旭俊(1994— ),女,安徽黄山人,硕士生,主要从事文化地理学研究。E-mail: daisyforever1026@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(41871130);北京市社会科学基金项目(16GLC071)

Progress of connotation, dimension, and influencing factors of place identity

Xujun DAI(), Aili LIU*()   

  1. College of Resource Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
  • Received:2018-12-18 Revised:2019-03-01 Online:2019-05-28 Published:2019-05-28
  • Contact: Aili LIU E-mail:daisyforever1026@126.com;beyondtour@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41871130; Beijing Social Science Foundation of Beijing, No. 16GLC071

摘要:

作为人文地理学的核心概念之一,地方认同反映了主体对地方的情感依恋,不仅对居民满意度和游客忠诚度产生影响,还能影响主体的环境行为,进而影响旅游业的可持续发展。论文在对国内外相关文献系统梳理的基础上,对地方认同的内涵、维度、影响因素及形成机制进行了综合分析。主要结论包括:① 地方认同内涵理解和维度划分,因学者学科背景及研究目的不同呈现差异化。地方认同及其相关概念存在5种逻辑关系。基于新的认识论基础上的内涵解析,将有助于促进地方认同概念内涵认识及理解的趋同化发展。地方认同及其相关概念关系的进一步梳理,有助于维度分类、方法及适用标准的规范化。② 地方认同影响因素包括个人、地方自然环境及社会文化。基于人文地理学视角的人地关系研究,是地方认同形成机制的主要范式。多理论视角的分析,是未来地方认同影响因素及机制探究研究的重要方向。③ 国内地方认同研究开始时间较晚。虽然目前国内外学者在地方认同研究的核心内容上存在一致性,但研究的深度和广度不同,其中国内只有少量学者关注到空间尺度与地方景观对地方认同的影响,气候、时间方面与地方认同的关系研究是未来需要重点关注的内容。

关键词: 地方认同, 地方理论, 内涵, 维度, 影响因素

Abstract:

As one of the core concepts of human geography, place identity reflects the subjects' emotional attachment to the place. It not only can affect residents' satisfaction and tourists' loyalty to the place, but also affects the subjects' environmental behavior, and thus affects the sustainable development of tourism. Based on the related literature in China and internationally, this article makes a comprehensive analysis of the connotation, dimension, and influencing factors and mechanisms of place identity. The main conclusions include: 1) Understanding of place identity connotation and division of its dimensions are dependent on the academic backgrounds of researchers and the purposes of research. There are five logical relationships between place identity and related concepts. Connotation analysis based on the new epistemology will help promote the understanding of the concept of place identity. Further clarification of the relationships between place identity and related concepts helps to standardize the classification, methods, and applicable standards. 2) Factors affecting place identity include individual, local natural environmental, social, culture factors, and so on. The study of human-environment relationship of human geography is the main paradigm of place identity research. Application of multiple theoretical perspectives is an important direction for examining the influencing factors and mechanisms of place identity in the future. 3) Place identity research in China started late. Although scholars in China and abroad agree on the core content of place identity research, the depth and breadth of their research are different. Only a few scholars in China pay attention to the impact of spatial scale and local landscape on place identity. Research on the relationship between climate, time, and place identity is the key content that needs to be focused on in the future.

Key words: place identity, place theory, connotation, dimension, influencing factor