地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (4): 533-545.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.04.006

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

冰川旅游研究进展与启示

刘丽敏1,2,3(), 钟林生1,*(), 虞虎1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3. 中华女子学院管理学院,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2018-08-03 修回日期:2019-01-06 出版日期:2019-04-28 发布日期:2019-05-07
  • 通讯作者: 钟林生 E-mail:liulimineve@163.com;zhongls@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    第一作者简介:刘丽敏,女(1985— ),湖南岳阳人,博士生,主要从事旅游地理、旅游规划研究。E-mail: liulimineve@163.com

    *通信作者简介:钟林生,男(1971— ),江西于都人,研究员,博士,主要从事旅游地理、生态旅游研究。E-mail: zhongls@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(17YJC630086);国家自然科学基金项目(41671527);中华女子学院重大科研项目(ZKY208020202)

Progress of glacier tourism research and implications

Limin LIU1,2,3(), Linsheng ZHONG1,*(), Hu YU1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. School of Management of China Women's University, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2018-08-03 Revised:2019-01-06 Online:2019-04-28 Published:2019-05-07
  • Contact: Linsheng ZHONG E-mail:liulimineve@163.com;zhongls@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    Youth Foundation of Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Education of China, No.17YJC630086;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41671527;Major Program of China Women's University, No. ZKY208020202.

摘要:

冰川旅游是现代旅游活动的重要组成部分,对冰川区域的自然生态环境产生着重要影响。冰川分布偏远、进入性差、旅游活动专业性强等因素制约着该领域的深入研究,尚未形成系统性的理论研究体系。论文梳理了国内外冰川旅游相关研究成果,从冰川旅游的概念与内涵、冰川旅游资源开发与管理、冰川旅游发展效应、气候变化对冰川旅游的影响及应对等方面进行了总结,评述了国内外冰川旅游在研究时间、研究内容、研究方法上的差异,提出了冰川旅游研究的难点和突破口。在此基础上,提出冰川旅游研究应基于资源学和地理学科特点,以旅游地域的人地关系演化为着眼点,从冰川旅游的资源基础、景观价值评价与适宜性开发、冰川旅游发展模式、目的地管理与社区建设等方面构建研究框架,指导中国冰川旅游的可持续发展。

关键词: 冰川旅游, 研究特点, 评述, 中国

Abstract:

Glacier tourism is an important part of modern tourism and has a great impact on the ecological environment. Glaciers are distributed in remote areas. Poor accessibility and high requirement for professional knowledge in tourism activities have restricted in-depth research of glacier tourism. Thus, there is a lack of systematic theoretical research in this field. This article reviews the related literature of glacier tourism in China and internationally in regard to the concept and connotation, resource development and management, social and economic effects, and the impact of and response to climate change, examines the differences between China and other countries in research time, contents, and methods, and points out the difficulties and areas for potential breakthroughs. It is proposed that the study of glacial tourism should be based on the perspectives of resources science and geography, and with a focus on the evolution of human-environment relationship in the destination regions. In the future, a research framework including resource endowments and value assessment, selection of suitable development areas, development patterns, destination management, and community building should be constructed to guide the sustainable development of glacial tourism in China.

Key words: glacier tourism, research characteristics, review, China