地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (4): 477-488.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.04.002

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国地缘环境研究进展与思考

胡伟1(), 胡志丁2, 葛岳静1,3,*()   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学地理科学学部,北京 100875
    2. 华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200062
    3. 青海师范大学地理科学学院,西宁 810008
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-07 修回日期:2019-01-27 出版日期:2019-04-28 发布日期:2019-05-07
  • 通讯作者: 葛岳静 E-mail:huweilt1990@163.com;geyj@bnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    第一作者简介:胡伟(1990— ),男,湖北黄冈人,博士生,研究方向为全球化与地缘环境研究。E-mail: huweilt1990@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(16ZDA041);国家自然科学基金项目(41871128,41661033)

Review of geo-setting research in China

Wei HU1(), Zhiding HU2, Yuejing GE1,3,*()   

  1. 1. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    3. School of Geographical Science, Qinghai Normal University, Xining 810008, China
  • Received:2018-07-07 Revised:2019-01-27 Online:2019-04-28 Published:2019-05-07
  • Contact: Yuejing GE E-mail:huweilt1990@163.com;geyj@bnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Major Programme of National Social Science Foundation of China, No. 16ZDA041;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41871128 and 41661033.

摘要:

中国崛起面临的地缘环境是人类历史上最为复杂的,建立和完善地缘环境分析体系,预判预研地缘环境变化态势是学科发展和国家发展的需要。当前关于中国地缘环境的研究方兴未艾,研究内容多以地缘环境内涵、地缘环境解析、地缘环境驱动机制、地缘环境中的地缘关系和地缘环境研究方法的单项研究为主,而缺乏对地缘环境要素的系统研究,尚未提出一套完整的公认的地缘环境驱动机制,更未搭建完整的地缘环境分析框架。论文认为地缘环境是人文地理学的重要研究议题,地理要素通过地缘环境影响地缘政治和地缘经济,地缘体、地理环境、地缘关系、地缘结构组成地缘环境系统,地缘距离和地缘流量是地缘环境的核心变量。为此,未来的地缘环境研究需更加关注地缘结构影响下的地缘关系,加强多维度、多尺度、长周期的地缘环境驱动机制和地缘环境要素相互作用机制探讨,拓展地缘环境研究方法和技术,深化面向“一带一路”的地缘环境研究。

关键词: 地缘环境, 地缘政治, 地缘经济, 一带一路, 中国

Abstract:

China's rise is faced with the most complex geo-setting in human history. Establishing and improving the geo-setting analysis framework and researching and forcasting the changing situation of China's geo-setting are the needs of both the disciplinary development in human geography and national development. Currently, the research on China's geo-setting is progressing. The main researching contents are seperate studies on geo-setting definition, geo-setting analysis, driving mechanism of change in geo-setting, geo-relationships, and research methods of geo-setting. However, there is a lack of systematic research on geo-setting elements, and a complete set of recognized geo-setting change driving mechanisms has not been proposed yet, nor has a completed geo-setting analysis framework been established. Based on the past research and looking into the future, this article holds that geo-setting is an important research issue of human geography. Geographic elements influence geopolitics and geoeconomics through geo-setting. Geo-entities, geographical environment, geo-relationships, and geo-structures constitute the geo-setting system. Geo-distance and geo-flows are the core variables of a geo-setting. Therefore, future geo-setting research needs to pay more attention to the geo-relationships under the influence of geo-structures, strengthen the discussion of multidimensional, multiscale, and long-period geo-setting change driving mechanisms and interactions of geo-setting elements, expand geo-setting research methods and techniques, and deepen the geo-setting research of the Belt and Road region.

Key words: geo-setting, geopolitics, geoeconomics, Belt and Road Initiative, China