地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (4): 465-476.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.04.001

• 理论探讨 •    下一篇

地球界限概念框架及其研究进展

张军泽1(), 王帅1, 赵文武1, 刘焱序1, 傅伯杰1,2,*()   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学地理科学学部地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室,北京100875
    2. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心城市与区域生态国家重点实验室,北京100085
  • 收稿日期:2018-08-24 修回日期:2019-01-06 出版日期:2019-04-28 发布日期:2019-04-28
  • 通讯作者: 傅伯杰 E-mail:zhangjunze427@126.com;bfu@rcees.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    第一作者简介:张军泽(1993— ),男,黑龙江七台河人,博士生,主要从事人地关系耦合与可持续发展研究。E-mail: zhangjunze427@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFA0604701);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助

Review on the conceptual framework of planetary boundaries and the development of its research

Junze ZHANG1(), Shuai WANG1, Wenwu ZHAO1, Yanxu LIU1, Bojie FU1,2,*()   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100085, China
  • Received:2018-08-24 Revised:2019-01-06 Online:2019-04-28 Published:2019-04-28
  • Contact: Bojie FU E-mail:zhangjunze427@126.com;bfu@rcees.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China, No. 2017YFA0604701;The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.

摘要:

“地球界限(Planetary Boundaries)”是指用于界定“安全运行空间(safe operating space)”的边界值,是Johan Rockstr?m等近年来提出的旨在保障人类生存和发展的重要概念框架。该框架一经提出就引起了广泛关注,一方面质疑者对这一概念框架的科学意义以及评估方法提出批评;另一方面支持者则对其评估方法、研究内容和研究尺度进行了完善和扩展,并取得了重要的成果。为了促进国内学者对该领域的了解和应用,论文在回顾相关文献的基础上,首先介绍了“地球界限”的概念内涵,并将其与中国学者所熟知的环境承载力等概念进行了比较分析;随后总结了该概念框架的争议观点,同时也对其近期的发展状况进行了评述;最后结合中国目前的发展状况,分析了“地球界限”概念框架对中国可持续发展的借鉴意义,并对未来的研究提出了展望,包括① 进一步了解不同地球系统过程的相互作用机制,完善“地球界限”的指标评估体系;② 明确“地球界限”与生态系统服务以及人类福祉三者之间的内在联系;③ 结合“地球界限”的评估结果,加强变革式环境治理的研究。

关键词: 地球界限, 安全运行空间, 安全公正空间, 可持续发展

Abstract:

Planetary boundaries is a conceptual framework proposed by Johan Rockstr?m in recent years, which is aimed to build a safe operating space for safeguarding humans' survival and development. Since this framework was put forward, it has attracted widespread attention. The skeptics criticized the scientific significance and evaluation methods of the conceptual framework. However, the proponents have gradually improved its evaluation methods and research contents, and explored the downscaling results. In order to promote the understanding and application of this concept and framework, after reviewing the relevant literature we first introduced the conceptual connotation of planetary boundaries and its evaluation results, and then compared them with concepts such as environmental carrying capacity that have been well known to Chinese scholars. We also summarized the controversial views of the conceptual framework, and reviewed its recent development status. Finally, combined with China's current development situation, we analyzed the implications of the conceptual framework of planetary boundaries for China's sustainable development research, and put forward the prospect of future research, including: 1) improving the assessment system of planetary boundaries through making further exploration on the interrelationship between different Earth system processes; 2) defining the links between planetary boundaries, ecosystem services, and human well-being; 3) strengthening research on transformative environmental governance in conjunction with the assessment of planetary boundaries.

Key words: planetary boundaries, safe operating space, safe and just space, sustainable development