地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 346-356.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.03.005

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

飞地经济的空间生产与治理结构——基于国家空间重构视角

李鲁奇1(), 马学广2,*(), 鹿宇2   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200241
    2. 中国海洋大学国际事务与公共管理学院,山东 青岛 266100
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-24 修回日期:2019-01-08 出版日期:2019-03-28 发布日期:2019-03-28
  • 通讯作者: 马学广 E-mail:liluqi@outlook.com;hugeomaxg@163.com
  • 作者简介:

    第一作者简介:李鲁奇(1991— ),男,山东泰安人,博士生,主要从事城市地理与政治地理研究。E-mail: liluqi@outlook.com

  • 基金资助:
    山东省自然科学基金面上项目(ZR2018MD005);国家社会科学基金一般项目(18BJL092);教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(17YJA630071)

The production and governance structure of enclave economy: From the perspective of state spatial restructuring

Luqi LI1(), Xueguang MA2,*(), Yu LU2   

  1. 1. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    2. School of International Affairs and Public Administration, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, Shandong, China
  • Received:2018-05-24 Revised:2019-01-08 Online:2019-03-28 Published:2019-03-28
  • Contact: Xueguang MA E-mail:liluqi@outlook.com;hugeomaxg@163.com
  • Supported by:
    Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province, No. ZR2018MD005;National Social Science Foundation of China, No. 18BJL092;Funding Project of Education of Ministry for the Development of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences, No.17YJA630071.

摘要:

飞地经济伴随着2000年以来的区域化过程而兴起。当前研究多关注微观机制和模式,而对宏观结构性因素缺乏更为细致的探讨。论文基于国家空间重构理论,分析了飞地经济如何在国家空间重构中被生产出来,同时在复杂的尺度和领域间关系中形成何种治理结构。研究表明,在资本过度积累的危机和再领域化的驱动下,飞地经济产生于地方制度试验,并因与国家空间选择性的演变趋势相一致而被纳入国家空间策略,以培育区域竞争力和协调区域间关系。其治理结构因涉及复杂的领域间、尺度间和政府-市场关系而存在一定内在矛盾。因此,飞地经济应被视为国家空间重构中的一种特殊试验手段,主要发挥“引导”作用,并同其他空间或非空间政策相衔接。

关键词: 飞地经济, 异地共建园区, 新国家空间, 尺度重组, 区域化, 中国

Abstract:

The state space has undergone significant transformations in China since 2000, changing from urban entrepreneurialism to regionalization. In this context, enclave economy is emerging and developing in various regions, and has been studied by researchers in a range of fields. However, most of the existing studies focus on the microscopic mechanisms and modes, without more detailed analyses of the macroscopic and structural factors behind this phenomenon. Apparently, this approach is problematic because enclave economy is not only a grassroots strategy, but also an integral part of the spatial strategies at the national scale in recent years. Therefore, based on the theories of state spatial restructuring, this article analyzes how enclave economy is produced and what governance structures are formed in this process. It suggests that enclave economy is driven by the crisis of capital accumulation and the tendency of reterritorialization. In this context, it originates from bottom-up institutional experiments, and then becomes a flexible yet inadequate strategy of regionalization. Following this, due to the consistency between enclave economy and the evolution of state spatial selectivity, it is then integrated into China's state spatial strategies that focus on the competitiveness of city-regions. Moreover, the governance structure of enclave economy includes inter-scalar, inter-territorial, and government-market relations, which are contingent, complex, and relatively fragile. In sum, this practice should be viewed as an emerging experiment in the state spatial restructuring, whose effects and consequences remain to be seen.

Key words: enclave economy, co-development industrial parks, new state space, rescaling, regionalization, China