地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 205-223.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.02.005

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

夜间灯光遥感数据应用综述和展望

陈颖彪1,2(), 郑子豪1,3,*(), 吴志峰1,2, 千庆兰1   

  1. 1. 广州大学地理科学学院,广州 510006
    2. 广东省地理国情监测与综合分析工程技术研究中心,广州 510006
    3. 帕多瓦大学土地环境农林学部,意大利 帕多瓦 35020
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-08 修回日期:2018-09-20 出版日期:2019-02-28 发布日期:2019-02-28
  • 通讯作者: 郑子豪 E-mail:gzhuchenyb@126.com;zhengzh@email.com
  • 作者简介:

    第一作者简介:陈颖彪(1969— ),男,吉林长春人,博士,教授,主要研究方向为GIS与RS的应用技术。E-mail: gzhuchenyb@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    广东省自然科学基金项目(2016A030313551);国家自然科学基金项目(41671430)

Review and prospect of application of nighttime light remote sensing data

Yingbiao CHEN1,2(), Zihao ZHENG1,3,*(), Zhifeng WU1,2, Qinglan QIAN1   

  1. 1. School of Geographic Sciences, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
    2. Guangdong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center for Geographical Condition Monitoring and Comprehensive Analysis, Guangzhou 510006, China
    3. Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry (TESAF), University of Padua, 35020 Padova, Italy
  • Received:2018-04-08 Revised:2018-09-20 Online:2019-02-28 Published:2019-02-28
  • Contact: Zihao ZHENG E-mail:gzhuchenyb@126.com;zhengzh@email.com
  • Supported by:
    Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, No. 2016A030313551;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41671430.

摘要:

在遥感应用研究中,夜间灯光遥感作为发展活跃的一个重要分支,近年来受到越来越多来自自然科学领域和社会经济领域的关注。与传统的光学遥感卫星获取地物辐射信息不同,夜间灯光遥感是获取夜间无云条件下地表发射的可见光-近红外电磁波信息。相比于普通的遥感卫星影像,夜间灯光遥感所使用的夜间灯光影像记录的地表灯光强度信息更直接反映人类活动差异,因而被广泛应用于城市化进程研究、不透水面提取、社会经济指标空间化估算、重大事件评估、生态环境评估等领域。目前,虽然基于夜间灯光数据的应用研究成果正在不断积累,但对成果的系统性总结、整理的研究目前存在着覆盖面不全、时效性不强等不足。基于此,论文通过对近几十年来有关夜间灯光数据的研究成果的详细梳理,从数据处理与技术方法、应用研究等方面进行归纳总结。最后,文章从多源数据融合、应用领域拓展和短周期地表灯光监测3个方面指出了未来的研究热点。

关键词: 夜间灯光, DMSP/OLS, NPP/VIIRS, 遥感, 综述

Abstract:

In remote sensing research, night light remote sensing as an important branch of active development has attracted increasingly more attention from the fields of natural and social science research in recent decades. Different from traditional daytime optical satellite remote sensing that obtains ground object radiation information, nighttime light remote sensing is the acquisition of visible-near-infrared electromagnetic information transmitted from the Earth's surface under cloud-free conditions at night. Compared to the ordinary satellite remote sensing images, ground light intensity information recorded by the night light images directly reflects the difference of human activity. Therefore, it is widely used in urbanization research, extraction of impervious surfaces, estimation of socioeconomic indicators, major events assessment, ecological environment assessment, and other fields. At present, although research results based on nighttime light data are continuously accumulating, there is a general lack of systematic review of these results and the current reviews suffer from incomplete coverage and poor timeliness. Therefore, this article summarizes the research results of nighttime light data in recent decades and examines them from the aspects of data processing and technical approaches, urbanization application research, and parameterization. Finally, we identify the following three research hotspots: multi-source data fusion, application expansion, and short-period surface light monitoring.

Key words: nighttime light, DMSP/OLS, NPP-VIIRS, remote sensing, review