地理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (1): 15-25.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.01.002

• 研究专题:京津冀协同发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

京津冀区域协同治理与国外大都市区比较研究

苏黎馨1,2(), 冯长春1,2,*()   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    2. 国土资源部国土规划与开发重点实验室,北京100871
  • 收稿日期:2018-02-01 修回日期:2018-08-10 出版日期:2019-01-28 发布日期:2019-01-23
  • 通讯作者: 冯长春 E-mail:slx8910@163.com;fcc@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    第一作者简介:苏黎馨(1989— ),女,福建泉州人,博士研究生,主要从事区域发展与城镇化、土地优化利用等研究。E-mail: slx8910@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国土资源部公益性行业科研专项(201511010-3A)

A comparative study on the regional governance models of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and several foreign metropolitans

Lixin SU1,2(), Changchun FENG1,2,*()   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Territorial Planning and Development, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2018-02-01 Revised:2018-08-10 Online:2019-01-28 Published:2019-01-23
  • Contact: Changchun FENG E-mail:slx8910@163.com;fcc@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Special Fund for Public Welfare Research of Ministry of Land and Resources of China, No. 201511010-3A.

摘要:

随着区域一体化发展不断成熟,良好的区域治理机制愈发重要。京津冀区域协同治理具有重要的战略意义,积累了良好的基础,也面临许多挑战。为了更好地认识京津冀区域协同治理模式的特征,提出优化建议支撑区域规划落实。论文立足比较研究的视角,以治理机制为核心,围绕参与主体、治理手段、协调机制3个维度建立起比较研究框架,概括总结了京津冀地区、德国柏林—勃兰登堡地区、日本东京首都圈、法国巴黎大都市区等首都所在区域的治理模式特征,并开展横向比较。结果表明:①多元主体参与是良好区域治理的基本特征,关键在于建立明晰的主体间权责关系;京津冀相比国外实践,虽主体多元,但权责关系有待进一步厘清;以设立承上启下的区域机构为契机,应加快梳理相关关系。②行政手段、市场手段与法律手段相辅相成,是保障区域治理效率的基础;京津冀相比之下更侧重行政手段,市场手段有限,法律手段相对薄弱;应优先增强立法建设,进而促使市场手段与行政手段相互平衡、良性互动。③多边协商机制是区域治理有序运行的保障;京津冀在决策中已有较好的协调机制,但矛盾仲裁与动态监管方面仍显不足;应加快健全整体协调机制,贯穿治理实践的各个环节。

关键词: 区域治理, 比较研究, 国外大都市区, 京津冀

Abstract:

With regional integration continuously developing, it has become essential to establish good governance mechanism in regional development. Due to the strategic status of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, its collaborative governance has been even more important, but the region is also facing a number of challenges. In order to understand better the characteristics of regional governance in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and to propose some optimization approaches that can support the implement of regional planning, this study conducted a comparative analysis and built a three-dimensional research framework including participants, means of governance, and cooperation mechanisms. On the basis of this, we summed up the characteristics and pattern of change of regional governance in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the Berlin-Brandenburg region, the Tokyo metropolitan area, and the Paris metropolitan area, especially with regard to their differences. The three conclusions are as follows: 1) Multi-subjects participation has been the essential characteristics of regional governance, whose authority-responsibility relationships must be unambiguous. In practice, multiple players have participated in the regional governance in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, but the relationships among them need to be clarified. Founding a regional institution would be a good chance to straighten these relationships. 2) Only when the administrative means, market mechanisms, and legislation are interrelated and interact positively, can regional governance be effective. However, the governance structure of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, which consists of good administrative means, limited market mechanisms, and inadequate legislation, shows some limitations. To fix the problems, enhancing legislation system shall be the priority and this in turn can promote the interaction between the government and the market. 3) An efficient multilateral consultation mechanism is indispensable, which could support decision making and dispute arbitration. In this respect, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region has already had a good decision-making mechanism, but there are some inadequacies in dispute arbitration and supervision. It is necessary to speed up and improve the overall coordination mechanism, which can be applied to all aspects of the governance practice.

Key words: regional governance, comparative study, foreign metropolitans, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region