地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (12): 1597-1608.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.12.002

所属专题: 粤港澳大湾区

• 专栏:粤港澳大湾区 • 上一篇    下一篇

粤港澳大湾区发展的理论框架与发展战略探究

赵晓斌1(), 强卫1, 黄伟豪2, 线实3,*()   

  1. 1. 香港大学中国发展研究中心,香港 999077
    2. 明德学院,香港 999077
    3. 广州大学地理科学学院,广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2018-11-30 修回日期:2018-12-15 出版日期:2018-12-28 发布日期:2018-12-28
  • 通讯作者: 线实 E-mail:sxzhao@hku.hk;geoshixian@gzhu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:赵晓斌(1957-),男,中国香港人,博士,研究方向为城市与区域研究,经济与金融地理,E-mail: sxzhao@hku.hk

  • 基金资助:
    香港研究资助局主题研究计划项目(T31/717/12R);国家自然科学基金项目(41771127)

Theoretical framework and development strategy of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

Simon Xiaobin ZHAO1(), Wei QIANG1, David Waiho WONG2, Shi XIAN3,*()   

  1. 1. International Center for China Development Studies, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, China
    2. Centennial College, Hong Kong 999077, China
    3. School of Geographical Sciences, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
  • Received:2018-11-30 Revised:2018-12-15 Online:2018-12-28 Published:2018-12-28
  • Contact: Shi XIAN E-mail:sxzhao@hku.hk;geoshixian@gzhu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Hong Kong Research Grants Council's Theme-based Research Scheme Project, No.T31/717/12R;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41771127

摘要:

粤港澳大湾区是在“一带一路”倡议下,由珠三角经济圈的强化合作而产生的新地理概念。作为新兴的全球化港湾,粤港澳大湾区如何突破新自由主义框架理论,探索出符合社会主义市场经济体制的发展路径,是当前决策者和规划者需要思考的重要问题。本文简要梳理了现有的城市群、区域增长极理论,新经济地理集群理论,全球产业链网络理论并结合大湾区现状优势,对湾区发展战略定位与发展路径进行探究,认为可通过粤港澳三方通力合作,创造一个内生型的经济与产业本土增长模式为主要方向。具体表现为:首先,要以先进制造业为立足点、实现自我创新的产业升级,形成完善的制造业产业链,并成为全球生产网络的重要节点与区域性枢纽;其次,大湾区还应利用自身的科研与教育、金融与创新资源优势,推进“一国两制三关税区”、尤其是与香港在大湾区建设中的全方位参与联动,完善产权制度,加强合规和规则经济的市场经济体系建设,将大湾区打造为中国的科创中心及全球性金融中心。

关键词: 粤港澳大湾区, 先进制造业, 全球生产网络, 金融与创新

Abstract:

The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area is a new geographical concept arising from the enhanced cooperation of the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone under China's Belt and Road Initiative. As a new global bay area, how to make a theoretical breakthrough in neoliberalism framework and explore the development pathway in line with the socialist market economic system is an important issue that policymakers and planners need to think about. Based on a systematic review of the existing theories in urban agglomeration, regional growth pole theory, the cluster theory in new economic geography, and the global production network theory, this article seeks for a theoretical framework and grounding for understanding the development issues in the Greater Bay Area. In line with the existing advantages of the Greater Bay Area, this article identifies the strategic positioning and development pathway for the area, and argues that creating a new development model of endogenous growth with indigenous innovation is the first development priority for the Greater Bay Area. That is, through deepening the cooperation between Guangdong, Hong Kong, and Macau under "one country, two systems, three tariff zone," the Greater Bay Area could first achieve the transformation and upgrading in advanced manufacturing industry and secure a strategic position as an important regional hub in the global production network. Second, the Greater Bay Area should also use its own strengths in education, scientific research, and international financial services to develop China's innovation hub and global financial center with strong property rights, compliance, and rule-based economic system.

Key words: Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, advanced manufacturing industry, global production network, finance and innovation