地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (11): 1510-1520.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.11.007

• 专栏:南海与“一带一路” • 上一篇    下一篇

印度洋通道及其对中国地缘环境影响

吴良(), 秦奇, 张丹, 成升魁   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-09 修回日期:2018-10-28 出版日期:2018-11-28 发布日期:2018-11-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:吴良(1984-),男,湖南临湘人,助理研究员,研究方向为世界地理和地缘环境, E-mail:wuliang@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院重点部署项目(ZDRW-ZS-2016-6, ZDRW-ZS-2017-4)

Indian Ocean Passages and their geopolitical impacts on China

Liang WU(), Qi QIN, Dan ZHANG, Shengkui CHENG   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2017-10-09 Revised:2018-10-28 Online:2018-11-28 Published:2018-11-28
  • Supported by:
    Key Deployment Projects of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. ZDRW-ZS-2016-6, No.ZDRW-ZS-2017-4

摘要:

印度洋通道是中国获取能源和其他资源、出口工业产品并同南亚、西亚、非洲和欧洲国家交流合作的生命线。随着中美关系和中国周边地缘态势的深刻变化,中国需要积极谋划逐渐降低对传统的南海—马六甲海峡通道的依赖,建设新的印度洋通道,从而降低自身的地缘环境风险,并由此优化国内经济发展布局,推动西南沿边地区进一步开发与开放,并提升中国同印度洋沿岸国家和地区的交流与合作水平。本研究从通道的定义和特征出发,梳理了现有及潜在的印度洋通道,比较分析了各条通道的战略意义、前景及地缘环境影响,从而为中国的印度洋战略构建和“一带一路”倡议推进提供新的视角和见解。

关键词: 印度洋通道, 一带一路, 地缘环境, 马六甲海峡

Abstract:

The Indian Ocean Passages (IOPs) have been regarded as the lifeline for China's energy and resources access, trade, as well as communication and cooperation with South and West Asian, African, and European countries. With the reshuffle of geopolitical power of the United States in the Asia-Pacific region and the shift of China's geopolitical position with its neighbors, China is in great need of reducing its dependence on the traditional IOPs through the South China Sea and the Malacca Strait and exploring alternative IOPs to leverage its geopolitical risks in these regions, improve domestic economic development pattern, push for further opening-up and development in the border areas in Southwest China provinces, and promote cooperations with Indian Ocean countries. This study offered a preliminary definition and analyzed the characteristics of a passage, summarized current and potential passages in the Indian Ocean, analyzed the strategic value, future prospect, and geopolitical impacts of potential passages for China, and provided novel perspectives and insights for the building of China's Indian Ocean strategy as well as the implementation of the Belt and Road Initiative.

Key words: Indian Ocean Passage(IOP), the Belt and Road Initiative, geopolitical impacts, Malacca Strait