地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (11): 1473-1484.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.11.004

• 专栏:南海与“一带一路” • 上一篇    下一篇

全球多机场区域空间格局与类型划分

曹小曙(), 廖望   

  1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-16 修回日期:2018-05-03 出版日期:2018-11-28 发布日期:2018-11-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:曹小曙(1970-),男,甘肃灵台人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事地理与规划研究,E-mail: caoxsh@mail.sysu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671160)

Spatial pattern and classification of the worldwide multi-airport regions

Xiaoshu CAO(), Wang LIAO   

  1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2017-10-16 Revised:2018-05-03 Online:2018-11-28 Published:2018-11-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41671160

摘要:

基于2016年的全球官方航空指南(Official Aviation Guide, 简称OAG)计划航班数据,本文重点分析了全球多机场区域的空间格局和主要类型。研究发现:除美国和欧洲的英、法、德、意等国外,中国、日本、泰国和巴西等国的多机场区域数量占有绝对优势。南欧、澳大利亚和新西兰、西亚等地的多机场区域内的机场等级呈现两端极化,缺少中间层级的辅助机场。以车程时间作为衡量,英、美两国多机场区域内机场布局更为紧凑,特别是英国其他主要机场或辅助机场到达核心机场的时间相对中国减少了约0.5~1 h。根据各多机场区域赫芬达尔—赫希曼指数(HHI指数)和可售座位数对比结果,多机场区域可分为9个类型,对照多机场区域不同的演化阶段,目前共有22个多机场区域发展较成熟。未来在保证多机场区域整体发展的前提下,中国应注重其他重要机场向中间层级的辅助机场的转化进程,提高区域内地面交通水平,以减少机场间的到达时间,引导区域内机场维持高水平竞争。

关键词: 航空, 多机场区域, 空间格局, 类型划分, 一带一路

Abstract:

This article employs the OAG (Official Airline Guide) flight schedule data of 2016 to analyze the spatial pattern and classification of multi-airport regions. The results indicate that: besides European countries and the United States, China, Japan, Thailand, and Brazil occupies important positions in the construction of multi-airport regions in the world. Multi-airport regions in Southern Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and West Asia are polarized and lack of secondary airports. The layout of airports in the multi-airport regions of the UK and the United States are more compacted, and people can spend 0.5~1 hour less when driving from the British other primary or secondary airports to the core airport compared with China. Multi-airport regions can be divided into nine categories according to available seats and the Herfindahl-Hirschman indexes (HHI), corresponding to different evolution stages of multi-airport regions. Globally, 22 multi-airport regions have developed into a relatively mature stage. In the future, under the premise of ensuring the overall development of multi-airport regions, China should pay attention to the transformation process of other important airports to secondary airports, improve the ground traffic level in the regions to reduce the access time between airports, and guide a high level competition between airports.

Key words: aviation, multi-airport region, spatial pattern, classification, the Belt and Road Initiative