地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (10): 1416-1429.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.10.011

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国老年地理学研究进展

许昕1,3,4,5(), 赵媛1,2,3,4,5,6,*(), 张新林1,3,4,5, 曾通刚1,3,4,5, 夏四友1,3,4,5, 谢倩倩1,3,4,5, 孙琪1,3,4,5   

  1. 1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210023
    2. 南京师范大学金陵女子学院,南京 210097
    3. 江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心,南京 210023
    4. 虚拟地理环境教育部重点实验室(南京师范大学),南京 210023
    5. 江苏省地理环境演化国家重点实验室培育建设点,南京 210023
    6. 南京师范大学国际老龄与健康研究中心,南京 210097
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-23 修回日期:2018-06-25 出版日期:2018-10-28 发布日期:2018-10-28
  • 通讯作者: 赵媛 E-mail:xuxin199010@126.com;zhaoyuan@njnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:许昕(1990-),女,江苏镇江人,博士研究生,主要从事人口地理与经济地理研究,E-mail: xuxin199010@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(18BRK031);全国老龄办2018年度政策理论研究课题(QLB2018A035)

Research progress and prospects of Chinese geriatric geography

Xin XU1,3,4,5(), Yuan ZHAO1,2,3,4,5,6,*(), Xinlin ZHANG1,3,4,5, Tonggang ZENG1,3,4,5, Siyou XIA1,3,4,5, Qianqian XIE1,3,4,5, Qi SUN1,3,4,5   

  1. 1. School of Geographic Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. Jinling College, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China
    3. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
    4. Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment (Nanjing Normal University), Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210023, China
    5. State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of Geographical Environment Evolution (Jiangsu Province), Nanjing 210023, China
    6. International Center for Aging and Health Studies (Nanjing Normal University), Nanjing 210097, China
  • Received:2018-01-23 Revised:2018-06-25 Online:2018-10-28 Published:2018-10-28
  • Contact: Yuan ZHAO E-mail:xuxin199010@126.com;zhaoyuan@njnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China, No. 18BRK031;Research Project of the Policy Theory of the Aging Office in 2018, No. QLB2018A035

摘要:

在中国全面进入老龄化社会的大背景下,老龄问题逐渐成为新常态和学者关注的焦点。本文采用知识图谱分析和传统文献研究相结合的方法,借助Citespace软件分析了2003-2017年国内老年地理学研究的热点领域,通过关键词共现归纳出中国老年地理学研究的特点为:①人口老龄化时空格局及驱动机制和养老设施空间配置成为近年来老年地理学研究的热点领域,但大区域小尺度、更深层次驱动机制有待进一步研究;如何将老年居民的社会交往、情感归属、社会资源与社区多维度结合,是未来社区建设与养老重点关注的方向;居家养老理论探索与实践总结尚未形成理论突破并推动政策实践,亟待学者对其进行本土化的理论构建。②老年人健康与环境研究成为新兴研究领域和主导方向,如何由宏观层面关注老年人健康与环境关系到微观层面关注老年个体情感体验、地方依赖,空间化健康与环境关系,选择和量化人文因素将是今后研究的重点难点。③对老年人空间行为研究有待实现定量和质性研究的互补融合,探索强调个体认知、行为偏好的行为主义地理学与强调时空整体性与制约的时间地理学的有机结合成为未来发展方向。

关键词: 老年地理学, 研究进展, 述评与展望, Citespace分析, 中国

Abstract:

Under the background of China's comprehensive entry into an aging society, the problem of aging has gradually become the new normal and the focus of attention of scholars. This study combineed knowledge map analysis with traditional literature research method. Based on the CiteSpace V software and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database, we analyzed the hot spots in the study of geriatric geography in the past 15 years. The main perspectives of the geography of gerontology in China were summarized by keywords. The results as follows: (1) Spatiotemporal patterns and driving mechanism of population aging and spatial organization and satisfaction of elderly care facilities become the hot fields in the study of geriatric geography in recent years. But future study should focus on broader geographic scope and smaller scale, as well as in-depth examination of driving mechanisms. The spatial allocation of elderly care facilities lacks consideration of the special needs of the elderly. A multi-dimensional integration of elderly resident social life, emotional belongingness, and social resources into the local community is the key direction of community construction and elderly care in the future. A theoretical framework and policies on home-based elderly care with Chinese characteristics are yet to be developed to guide practice. (2) Health and environment of the elderly has become a new research area. Examining the relationship between the health and environment of the elderly at the macro level and the emotional experience and local dependence of the elderly at the micro level, exploring the spatial relationship between health and environment, and identifying and quantifying human factors of this relationship have become the main direction of research. (3) Quantitative and qualitative studies on spatial behavior of the elderly need to be complementary and integrated. Exploring the integration of behaviorist geography that emphasizes individual cognition and behavior preference and time-geography that emphasizes the integrity and restriction of time and space will become the future development direction. The purpose of this study is to provide some insights for the development of Chinese geriatric geography.

Key words: geriatric geography, research progress, review and prospect, CiteSpace analysis, China