地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (10): 1371-1380.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.10.007

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市住宅地价影响因素的定量识别与时空异质性——以武汉市为例

瞿诗进1,2(), 胡守庚1,2,*(), 李全峰3, 杨剩富1,2   

  1. 1. 中国地质大学(武汉)公共管理学院,武汉 430074
    2. 国土资源部法律评价工程重点实验室,武汉 430074
    3. 东北农业大学资源与环境学院,哈尔滨 150030
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-06 修回日期:2018-07-26 出版日期:2018-10-28 发布日期:2018-10-28
  • 通讯作者: 胡守庚 E-mail:qusj903@126.com;husg2009@gmail.com
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:瞿诗进(1990-),男,湖北荆州人,博士生,从事城市土地利用转型及其优化配置等研究,E-mail: qusj903@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41101535,41671518);国土资源部公益性行业科研专项(201511004);National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41101535, No.41671518;Commonwealth Project of the Ministry of Land and Resources, No.201511004

Quantitative evaluation of the impacts of driving factors on urban residential land price and analysis of their spatio-temporal heterogeneity: A case study of Wuhan City

Shijin QU1,2(), Shougeng HU1,2,*(), Quanfeng LI3, Shengfu YANG1,2   

  1. 1. School of Public Administration, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Legal Assessment Project, Ministry of Land and Resources, Wuhan 430074, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China
  • Received:2018-01-06 Revised:2018-07-26 Online:2018-10-28 Published:2018-10-28
  • Contact: Shougeng HU E-mail:qusj903@126.com;husg2009@gmail.com

摘要:

定量测度微观因素对住宅地价影响程度的时空分异特征是有效揭示住宅地价形成机制的重要条件。本文基于武汉市2007-2015年公开出让的住宅地价样点数据,采用广义可行最小二乘法(FGLS)修正的特征价格模型(Hedonic),测度微观影响因素对住宅地价影响程度的时空演变规律。结果显示,各要素对住宅地价影响程度的时序变化特征复杂,空间区域差异明显,具体而言:①2007-2015年间,武汉市住宅地价因素的影响程度从高到低依次为:容积率>医院>城市中心>城市副中心>地铁>公园。②在时序上,城市中心对住宅地价的影响程度呈增强趋势;城市副中心对住宅地价影响整体有所减弱;医院对住宅地价的作用程度呈指数式上涨;地铁对住宅地价增值作用主要发生在开通后;公园的影响持续下降;容积率的影响则在时序上先减后增,与住宅用地出让面积呈反向变动关系。③在空间上,在二环内中心区域,公园、容积率等对住宅地价影响程度较高;而在二环以外,与生活便利性相关的地铁、医院对住宅地价的作用更强;城市中心和副中心功能对住宅地价作用在空间上的互补效应明显。基于研究结果,强化景观用地等的宏观配置和保护力度,审慎确定容积率等是当前城市土地管理值得关注的问题。

关键词: 住宅用地, 影响因素, 时空分异, 特征价格模型, 武汉市

Abstract:

Measuring the spatiotemporal differences of the impacts of main driving factors on residential land price quantitatively is a basic work to understanding the dynamic patterns and formation mechanism of land price, which is also helpful for the optimal allocation of urban land. The hedonic model improved by feasible generalized least squares (FGLS) was employed in this study. The results show that: the impacts of key factors on Wuhan City's residential land price between 2007-2015, ranked from high to low, were floor area ratio, hospitals, central business district (CBD), sub-CBDs, the metro, and parks. In the time series, the impact of CBD showed an upward trend; the impact of sub-CBDs showed a downward trend; the influence of hospitals increased exponentially and the impact of metro stations increased logarithmically; and the effect of parks decreased continuously. The impact of floor area ratio first decreased then increased. Among the different regions, within the second ring road parks and floor area ratio have greater regression coefficients, but factors including metro stations and hospitals had more obvious influences on residential land price in the areas outside the second ring road. The impacts of CBD and sub-CBDs on residential land price were obvious complementary in space. Based on the results of this study, current urban land management should pay attention to the protection and allocation of natural landscape and the determination of residential land parcel's floor area ratio.

Key words: residential land, influencing factors, spatiotemporal differentiation, hedonic model, Wuhan City