地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (9): 1201-1215.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.09.004

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

国外生态旅游研究进展及启示

张书颖1,2,3(), 刘家明1,2,*(), 朱鹤1,2, 李涛1,2,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室, 北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
    3.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-07 修回日期:2018-07-31 出版日期:2018-09-28 发布日期:2018-09-28
  • 通讯作者: 刘家明 E-mail:zhangshuying231@163.com;liujm@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张书颖(1991-),女,河北保定人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为旅游地理,E-mail: zhangshuying231@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41801139) National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41801139

Review of progress in international research on ecotourism and implications

Shuying ZHANG1,2,3(), Jiaming LIU1,2,*(), He ZHU1,2, Tao LI1,2,3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-03-07 Revised:2018-07-31 Online:2018-09-28 Published:2018-09-28
  • Contact: Jiaming LIU E-mail:zhangshuying231@163.com;liujm@igsnrr.ac.cn

摘要:

作为替代性旅游和可持续旅游的实现形式,生态旅游从提出就受到学者们的重视。本文以Web of Science核心合辑收录的国外生态旅游期刊文章为基础,对筛选出的546篇文献进行综述分析,梳理和归纳相应的研究热点和研究方法,并从生态旅游内涵、利益相关者、客源市场、目的地、影响和评估6方面阐明国外生态旅游的研究进展和主要内容。结果表明:国外生态旅游研究以应用为导向,具有研究区域资源特征明显、研究对象不断扩展、研究内容逐渐深入的特点,并呈现跨学科、多视角的研究态势。结合国外的研究经验,本文提出未来中国应就完善生态旅游理论体系、妥善处理利益相关者的关系、总结生态旅游者行为规律、拓展目的地的研究尺度和管理模式、重视生态旅游的影响研究和优化效果评估方法6方面加强研究,以促使研究体系完善和优化。

关键词: 生态旅游, 利益相关者, 旅游者, 旅游资源, 旅游影响, CiteSpace

Abstract:

As a form of sustainable tourism, ecotourism has attracted a significant amount of attention from scholars. Based on the academic publications collected from the Web of Science Core Collection database, this study reviewed 546 selected documents, and analyzed corresponding key research areas and methodologies. This study also examined the multiple aspects of ecotourism in terms of connotations, stakeholders, tourist source markets, tourist destinations, impacts, and assessment. The results show that the characteristics of international research on ecotourism are application oriented, with distinctive resource features of research area and broad thematic coverage, interdisciplinary, and diverse perspectives. Six directions for future research in China have been proposed to improve and optimize ecotourism research taking into consideration international experiences, which include improving the theoretical framework of research, handling the relationship among different stakeholders properly, summarizing patterns of ecotourists' behaviors, extending research scales and management modes of destinations, emphasizing research on the effects of ecotourism, and optimizing evaluation methods.

Key words: ecotourism, stakeholders, tourists, tourism resource, tourism impact, CiteSpace