地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (9): 1186-1200.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.09.003

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

1992-2016年中国乡村旅游研究特征与趋势——基于CiteSpace知识图谱分析

安传艳1,2(), 李同昇1,*(), 翟洲燕1, 付强2,3   

  1. 1. 西北大学城市与环境学院,西安 710127
    2. 河南师范大学旅游学院,河南 新乡 453007
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-03 修回日期:2018-03-04 出版日期:2018-09-28 发布日期:2018-10-10
  • 通讯作者: 李同昇 E-mail:anchuanyan110@126.com;leetang@nwu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:安传艳(1979-),女,河南鹿邑人,讲师,博士生,主要从事经济地理与旅游地理研究,E-mail: anchuanyan110@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41801171,41771129,41501435) National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41801171,No.41771129,No.41501435

Characteristics and prospects of Chinese rural tourism research, 1992-2016:An analysis based on CiteSpace maps

Chuanyan AN1,2(), Tongsheng LI1,*(), Zhouyan ZHAI1, Qiang FU2,3   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
    2. College of Tourism, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 475003, Henan, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2017-11-03 Revised:2018-03-04 Online:2018-09-28 Published:2018-10-10
  • Contact: Tongsheng LI E-mail:anchuanyan110@126.com;leetang@nwu.edu.cn

摘要:

借助 CiteSpace软件,选取CNKI中国学术期刊网络出版总库的中文核心期刊和CSSCI来源期刊,对1992-2016年间中国乡村旅游研究文献分析发现:虽然乡村旅游研究文献众多,但尚未形成紧密的学术团队,学者相互认可度较低;研究机构学术合作网络较为松散。在时间序列上,25年来中国乡村旅游研究可划分为萌芽阶段(1992-1998年)、初步多元化阶段(1999-2005年)、快速多元化阶段(2006-2012年)和深入研究阶段(2013年-)。在研究内容上,政策导向性明显,研究主题紧跟国家政策变化呈现多样性;经济视角是主线,发展对策、模式类研究成果较多;生态理念贯穿始终,学界对乡村生态旅游一直较为重视。整体来说,学科研究呈现经济学、社会学、地理学、农学等多学科参与的特征;研究价值诉求从以消费者为主逐步转向社区居民,全面人文关怀凸显;最近几年,学者结合现实问题对乡村旅游发展及研究反思增多。今后,从问题出发开展多学科、多技术和多机构合作,对乡村旅游存在的哲学基础和基本理论,产业转型升级及土地利用等现实问题,新型城市化背景下的乡村旅游地社会空间问题以及多样化发展的对策探索等方面的研究将成为重点。

关键词: 乡村旅游, 研究特征, 主题演变, CiteSpace 5.0, 中国

Abstract:

Based on research articles selected from the core journals and the Chinese Social Sciences Citation Index (CSSCI) journals in the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) academic journal network publishing database and with the help of CiteSpace software, this study analyzed the authors, cooperative institutions, and keywords on China's rural tourism research literature published between 1992 and 2016 and found that China's rural tourism research has not formed close research teams and scholars have low recognition of each other's work. Research cooperation networks are loosely organized between academic institutions. The whole process of research can be divided into four stages: emerging stage (1992-1998), preliminary diversification stage (1999-2005), rapid diversification stage (2006-2012), and in-depth study stage (2013-present). With regard to the research contents, policy guidance is clear—the research topics closely followed the national policy change and showed diversity. The research focused on the economics of tourism from the beginning and there exists a large number of research articles on development strategies and models. The researchers have been insisting on ecological ideas all the time. Overall, economics, sociology, geography, agronomy, and many other disciplines have been involved in this field. The main value proposition changed from the consumer to the whole population, showing the trend of comprehensive humanistic care in rural tourism research. Moreover, in recent years, the researchers have introspected and actively exercised the discourse power to participate in the real business of rural tourism. According to the actual situation of development of rural tourism in China and its research characteristics, multidisciplinary, multi-technological, and multi-organizational studies will be carried out in view of rural tourism problems and more research on the philosophical foundation, basic concepts, and basic theories of rural tourism, transformation and upgrading of rural tourism, land use in the development of rural tourism, social and spatial questions of rural tourism in the context of the new urbanization in China, and development strategies of rural tourism diversity will become the key points of future research.

Key words: rural tourism, research characteristics, evolution of research topics, CiteSpace 5.0, China