地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (8): 1140-1149.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.08.013

所属专题: 人口与城市研究

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

西部民族地区流动人口户籍迁移意愿及影响因素——以新疆为例

王建顺1,3(), 林李月1,2,3,*(), 朱宇1,2,3, 艾尼江·杰力力1,3   

  1. 1. 福建师范大学地理研究所, 福州 350007
    2. 湿润亚热带生态地理过程教育部重点实验室, 福州 350007
    3. 福建师范大学地理科学学院, 福州 350007
  • 收稿日期:2017-08-02 修回日期:2018-03-08 出版日期:2018-09-04 发布日期:2018-09-04
  • 通讯作者: 林李月 E-mail:wjshun93@163.com;lly30@163.com
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王建顺(1989-),男,江西赣州人,硕士研究生,主要从事人口与城乡发展研究,E-mail: wjshun93@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41501163,41471132);福建省省属公益类科研院所基本科研专项(2016R1032-6)

Migrants' hukou transfer intention and dynamics in western ethnic minority regions: Evidence from Xinjiang Autonomous Region

Jianshun WANG1,3(), Liyue LIN1,2,3,*(), Yu ZHU1,2,3, Genijan·JELIL1,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geography, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
    2. National Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Process, Ministry of Education, Fuzhou 350007, China
    3. College of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
  • Received:2017-08-02 Revised:2018-03-08 Online:2018-09-04 Published:2018-09-04
  • Contact: Liyue LIN E-mail:wjshun93@163.com;lly30@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41501163, No.41471132;Public-Funded Key Projects of Department of Science and Technology of Fujian Province, No.2016R1032-6

摘要:

西部民族地区流动人口的户籍迁移意愿不仅关系到农业转移人口的市民化进程和城镇化质量,还关系到民族团结和构建和谐社会的进程。基于2012年新疆流动人口动态监测调查数据,运用二元logistic回归模型,分析了不同地区和不同民族流动人口户籍迁移意愿及其影响因素的异同。研究发现,新疆流动人口户籍迁移意愿整体水平较高,愿意将户籍迁入现流入地的比例达到半数以上,且北疆地区略高于南疆,少数民族高于汉族。模型显示,总体而言新疆对人力资本和经济禀赋较高的流动人口落户吸引力不强,而民族类型、在流入地的居住时间和社会融合程度是影响新疆流动人口户籍迁移的关键因素。同时,新疆不同地区和不同民族流动人口在户籍迁移时考虑的因素存在异同,但社会融合特征因素不存在区域和民族差异,均表现为社会融合程度的提高显著增强其户籍迁移意愿。

关键词: 流动人口, 户籍迁移意愿, 影响因素, 二元logistic回归模型, 西部民族地区, 新疆

Abstract:

Migrants' hukou transfer intention of the western ethnic minority regions has great implications not only for the overall urbanization level, but also for national unity and harmony in the society. Based on the dynamic monitoring data in 2012 from Xinjiang Autonomous Region and using a binary logistic regression model, this study analyzed the similarities and differences between the willingness of migrants to migrate in different regions and ethnic minority groups and their influential factors. According to the results, migrants' hukou transfer intention reached a high level, and more than half of respondents were willing to transfer their hukou to cities where they reside. This proportion is slightly higher in northern Xinjiang than in the south, and the related value is higher in ethnic minorities than Han nationality. The modeling result shows that Xinjiang barely had any attraction to highly educated and economically well-to-do migrants. Ethnic type, time of residence, and social integration degree are found to be the core factors in the dynamic system concerning migrants' hukou transfer intention. As well, there are different factors in different regions and ethnic groups in Xinjiang, when migrants make transfer decisions. But there is no regional or inter-group difference concerning social integration factors. Elevated social integration significantly helped to heighten transfer intention.

Key words: migrants, hukou transfer intention, dynamics, binary logistic regression model, western ethnic minority regions, Xinjiang Autonomous Region