地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (8): 1119-1130.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.08.011

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

大都市区农村土地非农化空间特征及机理——以广州市为例

刘樱1(), 周春山1,*(), 黄婉玲1, 朱倩琼2   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
    2. 北京大学深圳研究生院城市规划与设计学院,广东 深圳 518055
  • 收稿日期:2017-08-28 修回日期:2018-01-12 出版日期:2018-09-04 发布日期:2018-09-04
  • 通讯作者: 周春山 E-mail:392145348@qq.com;zhoucs@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘樱(1989-),男,河南南阳人,博士研究生,主要从事城市地理与农村地理的研究,E-mail: 392145348@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(17BRK010)

Spatial features and forming mechanism of rural land non-agricultural degree in metropolitan areas: A case study of Guangzhou City

Ying LIU1(), Chunshan ZHOU1,*(), Wanling HUANG1, Qianqiong ZHU2   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. School of Urban Planning and Design, Shenzhen Graduate School, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2017-08-28 Revised:2018-01-12 Online:2018-09-04 Published:2018-09-04
  • Contact: Chunshan ZHOU E-mail:392145348@qq.com;zhoucs@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China, No.17BRK010

摘要:

随着国家对“三农”问题的关注以及新型城镇化、城乡统筹、新农村建设等一系列重大战略决策的提出,农村聚落的内容再次成为地理学的研究热点。大都市区作为快速城镇化和生产生活要素集聚的重点区域,其农村聚落的用地变化快速且复杂,成为了农村聚落研究的重要内容。本文利用农村土地非农化指数,将2013年广州市农村聚落分为农耕型农村聚落、非农化起步型农村聚落、非农化发展型农村聚落、非农化主导型农村聚落、非农化型农村聚落五种。结合GIS空间分析,对广州市农村土地非农化空间结构进行了研究,得出以下结论:①从市域角度,农村聚落土地非农化总体呈现出围绕大都市内核随距离增加而衰减,由外向内农村聚落土地非农化程度逐步升高。②从各区层面,农村土地非农化程度受副中心城镇化发展水平影响显著,近郊区域呈现面状圈层化分布,远郊则表现出沿道路的线状分布特点。③从局部尺度,重大基础设施对周边农村聚落的土地非农化发展有较大拉动作用,导致高土地非农化农村聚落点状出现。随后采用多元线性回归、地理探测器等方法,确定村内路网密度、与主城距离、流动人口、村集体收入、村民人均收入为影响农村土地非农化水平的主要因素,并在此基础上初步分析各因子对大都市区农村聚落土地非农化的影响机制。本文对如何利用农村非农化进程促进城市发展、优化调控农村土地利用和规划村庄发展提供一定的借鉴。

关键词: 农村土地非农化, 空间特征, 形成机理, 农村聚落, 大都市区, 广州市

Abstract:

As the result of a series of significant strategic decisions promulgated by the Chinese government, including Urban and Rural Harmonious Development, New Urbanization, New Rural Construction, and the government's focus on problems facing rural areas, rural population, and agriculture, rural settlements have become a research focus of contemporary geography in China. As a key area of rapid urbanization and agglomeration of production and living factors, the land use of rural settlements in metropolitan areas changes rapidly and complicatedly, which has become an important content of research. This study divided the rural settlements into five categories and then analyzed the spatial distribution of rural land non-agricultural degree in Guangzhou City in 2013 using correlated index and GIS. The results show that: (1) Rural land non-agricultural degree decreases with the distance between a rural settlement and the metropolitan area, and increases from the outer suburb to the inner suburb. (2) There is a significant correlation between the rural land non-agricultural degree and the development level of the district centers. The distribution of non-agriculture land in inner suburb areas is zonal spread while the distribution in outer suburb areas is along the main roads. (3) The level of rural development is generally higher where major infrastructure is developed. Finally, this study analyzed the mechanism of the spatial distribution of rural land non-agriculture degree in Guangzhou City by using multiple linear regression and geographical detector. This paper provides some reference for how to use rural non-agricultural process to promote urban development, optimize and regulate rural land use, and plan village development.

Key words: non-agricultural degree of rural land, spatial feature, forming mechanism, rural settlement, metropolitan area, Guangzhou City