地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (8): 1022-1030.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.08.002

• 专栏:地理新青年 • 上一篇    下一篇

半城镇化农民可持续生计与农村可持续发展——理论框架、研究进展及未来展望

汤青1,2(), 李扬3,4,*(), 陈明星1,4, 徐勇1,4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院前沿科学与教育局,北京 100864
    3. 中国科学院文献情报中心 中国科学院中国现代化研究中心,北京 100190
    4. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-10 修回日期:2018-07-16 出版日期:2018-09-04 发布日期:2018-09-04
  • 通讯作者: 李扬 E-mail:tangq@igsnrr.ac.cn;liy2014@mail.las.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:汤青(1984-),男,湖南益阳人,博士,副研究员,主要从事地球科学科研管理工作,E-mail: tangq@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41601121,41301121,41430636);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所“秉维优秀青年人才计划”项目(2015RC202)

Sustainable livelihoods of semi-urbanized farmers and sustainable rural development: Theoretical framework, research progress and future prospect

Qing TANG1,2(), Yang LI3,4,*(), Mingxing CHEN1,4, Yong XU1,4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Bureau of Frontier Sciences and Education, CAS, Beijing 100864, China
    3. National Science Library, China Center for Modernization Research, CAS, Beijing 100190, China
    4. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-05-10 Revised:2018-07-16 Online:2018-09-04 Published:2018-09-04
  • Contact: Yang LI E-mail:tangq@igsnrr.ac.cn;liy2014@mail.las.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41601121, No.41301121, No.41430636;Programme of Bingwei Excellent Young Scientists of the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, No.2015RC202

摘要:

可持续生计理论方法不仅可以应用于城市务工的半城镇化农民,服务于有序推进中国的城镇化,而且可广泛应用于中国西部农村地区和农户尺度的研究,服务于农村可持续发展。本文首先梳理了当前可持续生计的概念及分析框架,并基于半城镇化农民可持续生计与农村可持续发展,从地理学的综合视角提出了一个适应于中国实证研究的理论分析框架。然后依托国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目“半城镇化农民生计状态评估及市民化阻滞因素与政策调控”,梳理了可持续生计的国际国内研究进展以及半城镇化农民市民化与农村地区可持续发展的中国实证研究成果。最后提出了未来的研究展望,包括半城镇化农民市民化与农村地区可持续发展的联动研究,半城镇化农民市民化转变的主观意愿与客观阻滞因素综合研究,半城镇化农民与农村发展作用机理及其市民化效应,可持续生计与农村可持续发展的集成研究。

关键词: 半城镇化农民, 可持续生计, 市民化, 农村可持续发展, 生态环境

Abstract:

The framework of sustainable livelihoods analysis (SLA) can be used for semi-urbanized farmers working in cities in order to promote urbanization in China and is suitable for research at household scale in China's western regions for improving sustainable rural development. This article first summarizes the concept and analytic framework of sustainable livelihoods, and from the comprehensive perspective of geography, develops a theoretical and analytic framework that is applicable to China's empirical study, based on the sustainable livelihoods of semi-urbanized farmers and sustainable rural development. Second, based on the program "Assessment of livelihoods status of semi-urbanized farmers, and obstructive factors and policy intervention of the transformation to urban residents" supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the international and Chinese research on sustainable livelihoods, and the empirical research progress on the transformation from semi-urbanized farmers to urban residents and sustainable rural development in China, are introduced. Finally, this article presents the key themes of future research including integrated study of the transformation from semi-urbanized farmers to urban residents and sustainable rural development; comprehensive research of willingness and obstructive factors of transforming semi-urbanized farmers to urban residents; interactions of semi-urbanized farmers and rural development and the effect of transformation to urban residents; and integrated research of sustainable livelihoods and sustainable rural development.

Key words: semi-urbanized farmers, sustainable livelihoods, transformation to urban residents, sustainable rural development, ecological environment