地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (7): 986-998.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.07.012

所属专题: 人口与城市研究

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

邻里环境对流动人口主观幸福感的影响——基于广州的实证

刘义1(), 刘于琪2,*(), 刘晔1, 李志刚3, 邱婴芝1   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
    2. 伦敦大学学院巴特莱特规划学院,伦敦 WC1H 0NN
    3. 武汉大学城市设计学院,武汉 430072
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-24 修回日期:2018-02-05 出版日期:2018-07-28 发布日期:2018-07-28
  • 通讯作者: 刘于琪 E-mail:liuy433@mail2.sysu.edu.cn;yuqi.liu.13@ucl.ac.uk
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘义(1990-),男,安徽合肥人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为城市化与流动人口,E-mail: liuy433@mail2.sysu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41422103,41501151)

Impacts of neighborhood environments on migrants' subjective wellbeing: A case study of Guangzhou, China

Yi LIU1(), Yuqi LIU2,*(), Ye LIU1, Zhigang LI3, Yingzhi QIU1   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. Bartlett School of Planning, University College London, London WC1H 0NN, UK
    3. School of Urban Design, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
  • Received:2017-09-24 Revised:2018-02-05 Online:2018-07-28 Published:2018-07-28
  • Contact: Yuqi LIU E-mail:liuy433@mail2.sysu.edu.cn;yuqi.liu.13@ucl.ac.uk
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41422103, No. 41501151

摘要:

推进新型城镇化的可持续发展需要坚持以人为本。流动人口作为城镇化的主体,其主观幸福感的水平是衡量当前城镇化质量的重要依据。现有研究较少关注流动人口主观幸福感在城市微观尺度的空间差异性,少有研究探讨邻里环境对流动人口主观幸福感的影响。本文基于2015年广州调查问卷数据,采用多层线性回归模型,探讨了广州流动人口主观幸福感的水平及其主要影响因素,重点关注社会支持、邻里建成环境与社会环境等因素的影响。研究发现,广州流动人口的主观幸福感平均水平仍然较低,具体表现为:①流动人口的生活满意度较低、消极情感偏高;②流动人口的主观幸福感存在显著的地理空间异质性;③邻里社会环境(如邻里贫困、人口密度)与生活满意度、积极情感存在显著的负相关,邻里建成环境(如整洁程度、交通可达性)与生活满意度呈显著正相关。其中,邻里流动人口比重和人口密度,与流动人口的消极情感得分呈显著负相关;④广泛的社会支持能显著提升人口的生活满意度。因此,减少地区贫困、营造良好的社会环境、拓展社会支持的来源等都将有助于流动人口主观幸福感的提升以及新型城镇化的推进。

关键词: 主观幸福感, 流动人口, 邻里环境, 广州

Abstract:

A sustainable new type of urbanization in China should be "people-oriented." Migrants are the main body of new urban residents, and their subjective wellbeing is one of the significant criteria for measuring the quality of urbanization. A plethora of literature has shed light on the low quality of migrants' lives, however, little research has been done to understand how migrants evaluate their own lives in host cities, and no study has been undertaken to link migrants' subjective wellbeing with their residential environments. Using the data collected from a questionnaire survey in Guangzhou and multilevel linear models, this study examined the determinants of migrants' subjective wellbeing in host cities. It particularly focused on the extent to which and how migrants' social ties and residential environment influence their subjective wellbeing. The results indicate that in general, migrants have a lower level of subjective wellbeing than local residents, and the cognitive and emotional components of migrants' subjective wellbeing are influenced by different factors. Social support and neighborhood environment matter in determining the cognitive component of migrants' wellbeing (life satisfaction), but the emotional component of their wellbeing (positive and negative affects) is influenced partly by some of the selected variables of neighborhood social or built environments, and no evidence shows any impact of social support. Meanwhile, dwelling conditions also show an impact on migrants' life satisfaction and negative affect.

Key words: subjective wellbeing, migrants, neighborhood environments, Guangzhou