地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (7): 963-975.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.07.010

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国出口产品地区专业化

李振发1(), 贺灿飞2,3,*(), 黎斌2,3   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市规划与设计学院,广东 深圳 518055
    2. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    3. 北京大学—林肯研究院 城市发展与土地政策研究中心,北京 100871;
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-26 修回日期:2018-01-18 出版日期:2018-07-28 发布日期:2018-07-28
  • 通讯作者: 贺灿飞 E-mail:lizhenfa@pku.edu.cn;hecanfei@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李振发(1993-),男,河北承德人,硕士研究生,研究方向为经济地理,E-mail: lizhenfa@pku.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41731278);国家杰出青年科学基金项目(41425001)

Regional specialization of China's export products

Zhenfa LI1(), Canfei HE2,3,*(), Bin LI2,3   

  1. 1. College of Urban Planning and Design, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, Guangdong, China
    2. School of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    3. Peking University-Lincoln Institute Center for Urban Development and Land Policy, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2017-09-26 Revised:2018-01-18 Online:2018-07-28 Published:2018-07-28
  • Contact: Canfei HE E-mail:lizhenfa@pku.edu.cn;hecanfei@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41731278;National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars, No.41425001

摘要:

研究出口产品地区专业化有助于深入理解产业地理格局和区域经济发展。本文基于演化经济地理学最新提出的产品地区相关专业化概念及其对应的评价指标AR(Average Technological Relatedness),分析了2000-2011年中国城市制造业出口产品地区专业化的时空特征及影响因素。结果表明:中国出口产品地区专业化程度较高的城市由东部沿海逐渐向内陆扩散,并形成多个连片地区,与区域经济发展水平高度契合。出口产品地区专业化具有显著的产品分异,技术含量高的产品具有更高的地区专业化水平。实证模拟结果显示,更高的技术关联密度、地方经济复杂度与产品复杂度有利于提升出口产品地区专业化程度,而地方政府对出口产品的干预趋于违逆市场的方向,不利于产品地区专业化的提升。

关键词: 地区专业化, 出口产品, 相关专业化, AR指数, 技术关联, 复杂度, 中国

Abstract:

Studying the regional specialization of China's export products will help us to understand China's industrial geography and regional economic development. Based on an indicator (Average technological Relatedness, AR) of regional specialization recently defined by evolutionary economic geography which can reflect a new concept called related specialization, this study analyzed the spatiotemporal patterns and influencing factors of regional specialization of China's export products of the manufacturing industry during 2000-2011. Cities with higher regional specialization gradually expanded from the eastern coastal region of China to the central and western regions, which highly coincided with the regional economic development of China. Products with higher-tech and higher value-added had a higher level of regional specialization. Results from the empirical model show that higher technological relatedness density, local economic complexity, and product sophistication are helpful to increasing the level of regional specialization of export products, but local government intervention in export products tends to distort market direction, which is against regional specialization.

Key words: regional specialization, export products, related specialization, Average Technological Relatedness (AR), technological relatedness, complexity, China