地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 655-666.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.05.009

• 方法应用 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于空间界面视角的新时期乡村性空间分异机理——以河南省巩义市为例

韩冬(), 乔家君*(), 马玉玲   

  1. 河南大学 环境与规划学院/黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心/区域发展与规划研究中心, 河南 开封 475001
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-09 修回日期:2018-01-23 出版日期:2018-05-28 发布日期:2018-05-28
  • 通讯作者: 乔家君 E-mail:hanaca@163.com;jjqiao@henu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介: 韩冬(1989-),男,河南巩义人,博士研究生,研究方向为乡村地理学,E-mail: hanaca@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671172, 41601178);教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(14JJD790011)

Rurality spatial differentiation mechanism in the new era based on the perspective of spatial interface:A case study of Gongyi City, Henan Province

Dong HAN(), Jiajun QIAO*(), Yuling MA   

  1. College of Environment and Planning, Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development, Research Center of Regional Development and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China
  • Received:2017-10-09 Revised:2018-01-23 Online:2018-05-28 Published:2018-05-28
  • Contact: Jiajun QIAO E-mail:hanaca@163.com;jjqiao@henu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41671172, No. 41601178;The MOE Project of Key Research Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences at Universities, No.14JJD790011

摘要:

新时期中国乡村正在经历新一轮剧烈的转型重构过程,而村域乡村性空间分异可视为乡村转型重构过程在地方上的具体表现;由于乡村发展的多元性和外向性特征显著,其发展动力也变得更加多元,因此采用更加综合和系统的空间界面视角探索村域乡村性空间分异,可为新时期乡村发展问题的研究提供新的视角。本文以村域经济数据以及土地利用类型数据为基础,集成乡村性指数评价、游动分割窗以及地理探测器等技术手段,对巩义市村域尺度乡村性空间分异进行分析,并对其空间界面的位置和影响范围进行定量识别与判断,在此基础上探讨了村域尺度乡村性空间分异机理。结果表明:①巩义市空间界面主要分为自然界面、人文界面两大类,其中自然界面又分为地形界面和自然资源界面;人文界面主要由农业生产界面、居住界面、行政界面和交通界面组成。②乡村性空间分布呈现较强的正空间自相关性,并且呈现出边缘强、中间弱的分布格局。③空间界面具有的多重效应在一定程度上推动县域要素的空间重组,促使巩义市乡村性空间分异的形成。其中,人文界面中的交通界面、行政界面和居住界面对乡村性空间分异影响较大,而自然界面影响较小。

关键词: 空间界面, 乡村性, 空间分异机理, 村域尺度, 巩义市, 河南省

Abstract:

In the new century, the countryside of China is experiencing a new and vigorous process of transformation and reconstruction and the spatial differentiation of rurality in rural areas can be seen as the concrete manifestation of the process of rural transformation and reconstruction in local areas. Also in this period, rural development has become more pluralistic and more externally dependent and the driving factors are more pluralistic as well. Therefore, a more comprehensive and systematic spatial interface perspective was applied to explore the spatial differentiation of rurality in village areas, which provides a new perspective for the study of rural development in the new era. In this study, we used the rurality index to analyze the spatial differentiation of rurality at the village scale in Gongyi City, Henan Province, China. Next, we quantitatively determined the location of spatial interfaces in Gongyi using the moving split-window technique. Finally, we used a geographical detector technique to assess the mechanisms that influenced the spatial differentiation of rurality at the village scale in Gongyi. Our results show the following: (1) The spatial interface of Gongyi can be divided into natural and human categories. The most important natural interfaces include terrain and natural resources, and the human interfaces include agricultural production, residential, administrative division, and traffic. (2) The distribution of rurality at the village scale in Gongyi showed strong positive spatial autocorrelation. The number of the strong rurality and extremely strong rurality villages was relatively small. The strong rurality and extremely strong rurality villages were mainly distributed in the southern and northwestern regions of Gongyi City. Intermediate rurality villages were mainly distributed in the southwestern, southeastern, and eastern regions of Gongyi City. The weak rurality and extremely weak rurality villages were mainly distributed around the urban region and the two port towns in the west and east of the city. On the whole, spatial agglomeration was evident and it was strong in the periphery and weak in the middle area. (3) Under the influence of the multiple effects of the spatial interfaces, the elements in the county space of Gongyi were reorganized to promote the formation of rurality spatial differentiation. The traffic, administrative division, and residential interfaces strongly affected rurality spatial differentiation, while the natural interfaces played a less important role.

Key words: spatial interface, rurality, spatial differentiation mechanism, village scale, Gongyi City, Henan