地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 617-626.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.05.005

• 理论探讨 • 上一篇    下一篇

人口老龄化对乡村发展影响研究进展与展望

廖柳文1,2,3(), 高晓路1,2,*()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室, 北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-18 修回日期:2018-05-08 出版日期:2018-05-28 发布日期:2018-05-28
  • 通讯作者: 高晓路 E-mail:liaoliuwen_12@163.com;gaoxl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:廖柳文(1990-),女,湖南醴陵人,博士生,研究方向为城市环境和区域可持续发展,E-mail: liaoliuwen_12@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41731286)

Progress and prospect of research on the impact of population aging on rural development

Liuwen LIAO1,2,3(), Xiaolu GAO1,2,*()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-04-18 Revised:2018-05-08 Online:2018-05-28 Published:2018-05-28
  • Contact: Xiaolu GAO E-mail:liaoliuwen_12@163.com;gaoxl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41731286

摘要:

人口老龄化是人类发展进程中一个重要的人口现象,研究人口老龄化对乡村发展的影响并探讨相应对策具有重要意义。本文首先分析了乡村人口老龄化特征及原因,随后从生产、生活、生态三个视角梳理了人口老龄化对乡村生产要素投入、农业生产、社会保障、乡村治理、消费结构、土地利用变化和生态空间等方面影响的研究进展。在此基础上提出今后应结合产业兴旺、生态宜居、乡风文明、治理有效、生活富裕的乡村振兴战略总体要求,从生态环境—经济发展—社会发展三个维度开展乡村人口老龄化的影响与适应相关研究,重点研究方向有:①基于人口流动视角的乡村人口老龄化对生态系统服务价值的影响;②乡村人口老龄化空间差异及其对农业现代化的影响;③应对人口老龄化的乡村振兴路径。

关键词: 乡村发展, 人口老龄化, 乡村振兴, 进展与展望

Abstract:

Population aging is an important demographic phenomenon for the development of human society. At present, it brings both challenges and opportunities for rural development, thusly calls for systematic studies on its impact on rural development in order to explore appropriate strategies to cope with aging. In this article, the impacts of population aging are analyzed with respect to the changes of rural land use, ecological space, agricultural production, consumption structure, rural governance, and social security, from the ecological, production, and living aspects. On this ground, we propose that rural population aging impact and adaptation research should focus on the environment, economic development, and social development dimensions, combined with the general aims of the national strategy on rural vitalization, including thriving businesses, pleasant living environments, social etiquette and civility, effective governance, and prosperity. In addition, three research fields that are in urgent need of breakthrough are summarized: (1) the impacts of rural population aging on the valuation of ecosystem services and economic benefits from the perspective of population mobility; (2) spatial differentiation of rural population aging and its impacts on agricultural modernization; and (3) rural vitalization pathways to cope with population aging.

Key words: rural development, population aging, rural vitalization, progress and prospect