地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 591-600.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.05.003

• 理论探讨 • 上一篇    下一篇

乡村空间辨析

李红波1,2(), 胡晓亮1, 张小林1,2,*(), 李智1, 袁源1   

  1. 1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京210023
    2. 江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心,南京210023
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-01 修回日期:2018-02-26 出版日期:2018-05-28 发布日期:2018-05-28
  • 通讯作者: 张小林 E-mail:lihb@njnu.edu.cn;xiaolin-zh@163.com
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李红波(1983-),男,河南民权人,博士,副教授,主要从事乡村地理研究,E-mail: lihb@njnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41501187, 41571164, 51778002);江苏省高校哲学社会科学研究项目(2015SJD150)

On the analysis of rural space

Hongbo LI1,2(), Xiaoliang HU1, Xiaolin ZHANG1,2,*(), Zhi LI1, Yuan YUAN1   

  1. 1. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2017-11-01 Revised:2018-02-26 Online:2018-05-28 Published:2018-05-28
  • Contact: Xiaolin ZHANG E-mail:lihb@njnu.edu.cn;xiaolin-zh@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41501187, No.41571164, No.51778002;Philosophical and Social Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, No.2015SJD150

摘要:

伴随着城镇化、信息化、全球化等多种内外因素的交互作用,中国的乡村正经历着社会经济形态重组、地域功能提升等一系列转型与重构的过程,乡村地域面临着前所未有的机遇与挑战,而“乡村振兴战略”的提出也给乡村发展及乡村地理学的研究提出了新要求,全面系统地认识乡村空间系统,准确把握乡村空间是开展进一步研究的必要前提。本文在系统梳理国内外对乡村空间的认知与发展基础上,指出国内乡村地理学在乡村社会—文化空间研究上的不足。本文以人地关系地域系统为理论基础,尝试建构了由“物质空间—社会空间—文化空间”组成的乡村空间系统,以期为全面认识日益复杂的乡村地域提供理论指导。

关键词: 乡村地理学, 乡村空间系统, 人地关系, 乡村空间重构

Abstract:

Influenced by the interaction of various internal and external factors including urbanization, informatization, and globalization, rural areas in China are experiencing socioeconomic restructuring, regional function upgrading, and a series of transformations and reconstructions. Rural areas face a range of unprecedented opportunities and challenges, and the proposal of "rural revitalization strategy" puts forward new requirements for rural development and rural geography. Therefore, a comprehensive and systematic understanding of rural space system and accurate depiction of rural space are necessary prerequisites for further studies. Existing Chinese research focused more on the material space and to some extent placed less focus on the study of social-cultural space. Using a single material space view is very difficult to understand and interpret a large number of increasingly complex rural geographical problems. Based on a systematic analysis of the thinking on rural space and development in China and abroad, this article points out the deficiency of Chinese rural geographical research about rural society and culture. This article preliminarily expounds the complexity of rural territorial system and argues that the rural space system that is derived from the rural territorial system should not be limited within the range of rural material space but be understood through the multi-dimensional perspective of space. According to the human-environment system theory, this study tried to construct a rural space system that consists of three progressive layers including material space-social space-cultural space and clarify the connotations of every layer and the logical relations between them to fully understand the increasingly complex rural area. This article also highlights the necessity that multi-dimensional rural spatial restructuring should be developed. Based on the construction of multi-dimensional rural space system, forming an overview of the historical process and realistic situation of rural spatial restructuring and predicting the future path of rural development are very important research tasks to carry out in the future. In the end, this article appeals that Chinese geographers should continue to discuss and analyze concepts of rural issues in order to constantly improve our understanding about the changing countryside, and deepen the studies of rural spatial restructuring by using the theories and methods of related subjects from the perspective of multi-dimensional space. Finally, for the comprehensive empirical research of rural geographical issues, Chinese rural geographers should strengthen micro scale studies, actively devote themselves to field study, be observant of rural daily life, and understand the rural society and culture to make up for the deficiency of Chinese rural geographical research about rural society and culture.

Key words: rural geography, rural space system, human-environment relationship, rural spatial restructuring