地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 581-590.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.05.002

• 理论探讨 • 上一篇    下一篇

乡村重构的理论认知

龙花楼1, 屠爽爽1,2,*()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 广西师范学院北部湾环境演变与资源利用教育部重点实验室,南宁 530001
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-27 修回日期:2018-05-03 出版日期:2018-05-28 发布日期:2018-05-28
  • 通讯作者: 屠爽爽 E-mail:tuss@gxtc.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:龙花楼(1971-),男,湖南醴陵人,博士,研究员,主要从事城乡发展与土地利用转型研究,E-mail: longhl@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41731286);中国博士后科学基金项目(2018M630197)

Theoretical thinking of rural restructuring

Hualou LONG1, Shuangshuang TU1,2,*()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Environment Change and Resources Use in Beibu Gulf, Guangxi Teachers Education University, Ministry of Education, Nanning 530001, China
  • Received:2018-04-27 Revised:2018-05-03 Online:2018-05-28 Published:2018-05-28
  • Contact: Shuangshuang TU E-mail:tuss@gxtc.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41731286;The Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China, No.2018M630197

摘要:

面向快速城镇化进程中乡村地域日益复杂的人地关系,乡村重构成为地理学研究的重要前沿课题。乡村重构即行为主体通过优化配置和有效管理影响乡村发展的物质和非物质要素,重构乡村社会经济形态和优化地域空间格局的过程。本文在已有研究基础上,基于乡村地域系统的“要素—结构—功能”视角,从乡村重构的行为主体、价值取向和目标定位等方面进一步阐释了乡村重构的概念内涵,剖析了由诱发机制、支撑机制、约束/促进机制、引导机制、引擎机制构成的乡村重构作用机制框架。最后,基于政府行为对推动城乡资源要素优化配置和乡村重构的引领作用,认为有必要重构乡村社会经济的政府干预框架,并对未来中国乡村重构需进一步重点关注的研究内容展开探讨。

关键词: 乡村重构, 乡村转型, 乡村地域系统, 行为主体, 作用机制, 乡村地理学

Abstract:

With its focus on the increasingly complicated human-environment relationship under the background of rapid urbanization, rural restructuring study has become an important frontier research area of geography. Rural restructuring is a process of reshaping the socioeconomic forms and spatial patterns in rural areas in respond to the changes of factors both internal and external of the system, by optimally allocating and efficiently managing the material and non-material elements of rural development. It aims at ultimately optimizing the structures and improving the functions within rural territorial systems as well as realizing the structural coordination and functional complementation between urban and rural territorial system. Based on the perspective of "elements-structure-function" of rural territorial system, this article first elaborated the concept of rural restructuring from the aspects of behavioral mainstream, value system, and targets. Then, a framework of rural restructuring mechanism was analyzed, which consisted of inducing mechanism, supporting mechanism, constraining/promoting mechanism, guiding mechanism, and driving mechanism. Furthermore, in view of the guiding role of governments in optimal allocation of critical resources and rural restructuring, this article argued that it is necessary to restructure the contours of state intervention in rural societies and economies. Finally, the research contents of rural restructuring in the future were prospected.

Key words: rural restructuring, rural transformation, rural territorial system, behavioral mainstream, impact mechanism, rural geography