地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (4): 547-555.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.04.010

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

大城市郊区居民通勤模式对健康的影响研究——以北京天通苑为例

符婷婷1(), 张艳2,*, 柴彦威1()   

  1. 1. 北京大学 城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    2. 北京联合大学 北京学研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-22 修回日期:2017-07-18 出版日期:2018-04-20 发布日期:2018-04-20
  • 通讯作者: 张艳 E-mail:pkuftt@163.com;yanzhang@buu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:符婷婷(1993-),女,海南文昌人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为城市社会与行为地理,E-mail: pkuftt@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771185,41529101,41571144);北京市社会科学基金项目(15JDCSB005);北京联合大学人才强校优选计划(BPHR2017DZ10)

Implications of commuting pattern for suburban residents’ health in large Chinese cities: Evidences from Tiantongyuan in Beijing

Tingting FU1(), Yan ZHANG2,*(), Yanwei CHAI1   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. Institute of Beijing Studies, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2017-03-22 Revised:2017-07-18 Online:2018-04-20 Published:2018-04-20
  • Contact: Yan ZHANG E-mail:pkuftt@163.com;yanzhang@buu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41301174, No. 41529101;No. 41571144;Beijing Social Science Foundation, No. 15JDCSB005;Premium Funding Project for Academic Human Resources Development in Beijing Union University, No.BPHR2017DZ10

摘要:

中国大城市的郊区化加剧了居民的职住分离与长距离通勤,进而影响其健康状况。本文以北京典型近郊巨型居住区天通苑为案例,研究城市郊区居民通勤模式对健康的影响。天通苑全职就业者通勤空间总体上呈现以天通苑为中心不均匀的放射状格局;根据通勤距离、时间与方式,将天通苑全职就业者的通勤模式划分为短距离-积极-公交通勤、中长距离-公交-小汽车通勤、超长距离-公交-小汽车通勤3种模式。本文借助二项Logistic回归模型,在控制其他社会经济属性的前提下验证不同通勤模式对生理健康和心理健康2个维度6个指标的影响。研究发现,整体上通勤模式对睡眠质量差、经常请病假、疲惫不堪、压力大等健康风险的影响均呈现出倒“U”形的趋势,表明适度通勤可能有利于健康,而过长通勤却不利于健康,尤其是超长距离-公交-小汽车通勤模式显著地增加了睡眠质量差、经常请病假、压力大等的健康风险。最后,本文指出改善大城市郊区职住关系不仅意味着城市运行效率的提升,更意味着居民健康状况及生活质量的提升。

关键词: 通勤模式, 生理健康, 心理健康, 郊区化, 北京, 天通苑

Abstract:

Suburbanization of Chinese cities has exacerbated home-work separation and led to the increase of long-distance commuting of suburbanites, which may affect their health status. In this article, taking Tiantongyuan in the inner suburb of Beijing as a case study, we focused on the impacts of suburban residents' commuting pattern on the health outcomes. In general, the overall commuting space of the full-time workers living in Tiantongyuan showed an uneven radial pattern centered at the community's location. According to commuting distance, commuting time, and commuting modes, the commuting patterns of the full-time employees living in Tiantongyuan can be clustered into three main types, including short distance-active commuting-public transit commuting, medium to long distance-public transit-car driving commuting, and long distance-public transit-car driving commuting. Controlling for other socioeconomic variables, this study used binary logistic regression models to verify the effect of commuting patterns on both physical and mental health outcomes. It was found that the effect of commuting patterns on poor sleep quality, frequent sick leaves, fatigue, stress, and other health risks showed an inverted U-shaped trend. Moderate commuting may be good for health, while extremely long commuting might be harmful to health. Especially, long distance-public transit-car driving commuting significantly increased the health risks of poor sleep quality, frequent sick leaves, and stress. Improving the home-work connection of the suburb is not only helpful for improving the efficiency of urban operation, but more importantly, is also meaningful for the improvement of the life quality of suburban residents.

Key words: commuting pattern, health behavior, physical health, mental health, suburbanization, Beijing, Tiantongyuan